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Bhakti Movement


Category: Religious | Posted :Wednesday, April 8, 2015

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Bhakti Movement
Bhakti movement was a Hindu religious movement that originated in Tamil Nadu, India, in seventh century. The main aim was to devote oneself in the love and belief of God. The principle of monotheism, existence of only one God, was promoted. Saints believed that only through Bhakti It refers to devotion and the love one feels for God. People indulge in Bhakti to gain spirituality or salvationone can attain Moksha (salvation). The word Bhakti is derived from the word ‘Bhakta’ which means to serve, honor, love and adore. The word Bhakti was first used in Upanishads (sacred doctrines of Hindus). The movement led to many rituals followed till date that are singing Kirtan, Qawalli, Gurbani (sacred songs) in temples, mosques and Gurdwaras (worshipping place of Sikhs) A Sikh is a person who follows Sikhism as his religion. The term ‘Sikh’ has been derived from a Sanskrit word, Sisya which means disciple. The term used is appropriate for the people as they all follow the teachings of their teachers, the ten Gurus, and practice their preaching. They are known for their courage and hard-work. Male Sikhs use ‘Singh’ in their name, whereas women used ‘Kaur’. respectively.
 
 
 
 
Features of the Movement
 
 
Firstly, people believed that God was a unifying idea and not dividing. There is only one God with different names. Secondly, one should repeat the name of God again and again to feel bliss and contentment. Thirdly, there should be complete self-surrender to God to be one with his Supreme love and power. Fourthly, there should be no blind faith in rituals and ceremonies. Fifthly, no distinction based on caste or religion should be made.  
 
Breaking Orthodox Attitude
 
 
Bhakti Movement was a religious yet liberal association that believed in equality. It rejected the idea that salvation can only be gained by the males of the three major castes of Hindus, i.e, Brahmin The conventional Hindu caste system divided society into four sects and Brahmin was known as the learned class who gained the knowledge of sacred texts written on Hinduism(the learned), Kshatriyas (the warriors) and the Vaishyas (the book keepers). Bhakti movement included women, untouchables and Shudras (the least favorable caste according to Hinduism) and made way for them to attain salvation through devotion to God. They were also not restricted to one language. Earlier priests wrote hymns only in Sanskrit, which was known as the language of the learned, but with Bhakti movement, saints started writing and singing in the language of the people (Hindi or other regional languages). The saints also condemned ritual sacrifice and were against harming any living being, humans and animals alike. The movement also unified Hindus and Muslims and the saints propagated the message of humanity and believed that every individual is equal in the eyes of God.
 
 
North and South India
 
 
Bhakti movement, though started in South India, had a very strong influence in North India too. In South, people were devoted to Lord ShivaShivaShiva
Shiva is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindu Trinity that ...
and Lord VishnuVishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,..
(Two Supreme Gods of Hindus, also known as the Destroyer and Preserver respectively), whereas in North, people worshipped the human incarnations of Vishnu, mainly RamaRamaRama
 As of late, in the year 2007, the idea of whether Rama...
and KrishnaKrishnaKrishna
It is described that there are three aspects of the Supreme that must...
. In South, the Shaiva The title ‘Shaiva is bestowed on the devotees of ShivaSiddhanta school of thought started which put all its faith in the devotion of Shiva and saw him as the soul-liberator whereas in North, Rama Bhakti (devotion to Rama) was propagated by Ramananda, a saint born in Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh, India) who was also believed to be an incarnation of Rama. Bhakti movement co-existed peacefully in all the parts of the country, without trying to reject any particular sect of people and their faith.
 
 
Major saints who devoted their lives for the movement are Ramanuja who considered God as an Ocean of love and beauty, Kabir who taught that humans were the children of the single God and Mirabai, who was a pious devotee of Krishna.
 
 


 

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This ingt'hiss just the way to kick life into this debate.Reply
 
 
 
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