Dussehra, also known as Dasara or Dashain is a Hindu festival which is celebrated with great pomp and show throughout India and Nepal and in the parts of Sri Lanka and Bangladesh on the tenth day of the month Ashwin (September-October), according to the Hindu calendar. The various names given to the festival itself tells the story or the legend behind the celebration of the day, for example, Dussehra is the compound of two words, ‘Dasha’ meaning the demon with ten heads (Dashanan), and ‘Hara’ meaning defeat. Thus Dussehra is celebrated to rejoice in the victory of RamaRama
As of late, in the year 2007, the idea of whether Rama... over Ravana (Dashanan) and ending an era of evil.
According to Ramayana, Rama was destined to kill Ravana as he had abducted SitaSita
Sita is the most benevolent Goddess, who is known..., thus Rama along with his brother Lakshmana, HanumanHanuman
SRI HANUMAN is worshipped everywhere in India, alone... and an army of vanaras fought a battle with the army of Ravana and the latter was defeated. Everyone was filled with joy and happiness and it was time for Rama to return to his home and fulfill his duties as a King.
Durgotsav- Another legend of Victory
The day is all about bringing evil to an end by a supernatural being who always work for the betterment of the humankind and such enactment was also done by Durga. In Bengal and Assam, Dussehra is also celebrated as Durgotsav which marks the killing of a demon named Mahishasur by the female embodiment of power and strength, Durga. The Goddess fought for nine nights and ten days and ensured the termination of the malicious. On the tenth day, she earned the victory and thus the day is also known as Vijayadashami, meaning the victory earned on the tenth day.
According to the Mahabharata, this is also the day the Pandavas returned back to their home after spending twelve years in exile and one year and incognito. Before leaving, they had also hidden all their weapons in a hole of a tree and this is also the day, they retrieved every weapon of theirs to fight for their rightful throne.
Indians Celebrate Dussehra with great fervor and gaiety
People value the victory of truth and righteousness over the sinful and the maleficent thus they recite verses from Ramayana and perform fire sacrifice in order to pay respect to Rama. It helps in keeping the environment clean and positive and evils like lust, greed, anger, pride, attraction, jealousy, selfishness, cruelty, ego and injustice stay at bay. These sins were depicted by the ten heads of Ravana and as Rama brought the sins to end, similarly devotees wish to stay at bay from all such evils.
The most famous form of celebration is Ramlila. It is the dramatic folk enactment of Ramayana by actors in a short version. People dress up as Rama, LakshmanLakshman
Lakshmana is a Hindu deity and is the younger brother of Rama...., Sita, Hanuman, Ravana and various other characters of the epic and play their character accordingly. They enact the setting in a manner that the end of Ravana is presented on the stage on the day of Vijayadashami. Huge structures of papers, dry leaves, straws and bamboos are made. They are given the form of an enlarged Ravana. People also make giant effigies of Ravana’s brother Kumbhakarna and his son Meghanath.
Actors playing the role of Rama and LakshmanaLakshmana
Lakshmana, also known as Lakshana, is one of the eight chief wives or queens... enact the final moments of the battle in which Rama shoots an arrow towards the effigies. The flame of the arrow hit the giant structures and they start burning up. They are, beforehand, filled with crackers so as the fire keeps getting stronger, the crackers keep bursting. The climax is enjoyed by the audience and they cheer at the defeat of Ravana. The day is also the onset of winters and the change of season from summers to winters is considered a stage of diseases and infections. Thus burning crackers induces phosphorus in the climate which results in the purification of atmosphere. This adds a medical and physical benefit to the celebration of the festival.
Huge fairs are also set up on such grounds where Ramlila takes place and people indulge themselves in shopping and enjoying delicacies at various food stalls. The event results in a huge social gathering and all people return back home feeling happy. This form of celebration is very famous in Northern India. In states like Uttarakhand, a musical rendering of the life story of Rama also takes place. Artists enact the scenes through their dancing and singing skills and keep the audience mesmerized through their unique forms of expressions.
In southern India, people celebrate the day by performing Ayudha Puja It is a prayer ritual performed to make offerings, honoring, evoking or worshipping gods. The ceremony can also be performed to pay homage to the beloved ones who are deadin which they worship all kinds of war weapons, tools of work and educational tools. In Mysore, people take out a large procession of Chamundeshwari on elephants and pay homage to her. Kitchen tools and vehicles are also worshipped in Karnataka. They feel that starting a new venture on this day is very auspicious and will always stay successful. In Tamil Nadu, people perform SaraswatiSaraswati
The name Saraswati is a combination of two Sanskrit words... Puja and thank her for imparting knowledge on them and keeping them away from the path of darkness by enlightening them spiritually. Young kids also start with their formal education on this day after learning how to write initially.
Dussehra is celebrated as Durga Puja in Bengal in which an idol of Durga which was being worshipped since last five days is immersed in water. Special food items are prepared like luchi and alur dom in Bengal and Bihar which is first offered to Durga and then distributed among her devotees in the form of prasadam.
In many states, people start their harvesting process and before doing so they invoke the mother goddess and Mother Nature to help them get effective result and abundance of crops. They pray for fertile soil, good rainfall and favorable climatic conditions to attain healthy crops which will yield them a good amount of livelihood. They prepare special dishes to offer it to Goddesses and visit temples to praise and thank them for their blessings.
Children at schools and at home are also taught about the benefits of staying truthful and righteousness and alarming them against the ill-effects of being evil. They are taught a valuable lesson for life so as to keep them safe from going astray.