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Samudra Manthan – The Churning of the Ocean


Category: Religious | Posted :Wednesday, April 8, 2015

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Samudra Manthan – The Churning of the Ocean

Samudra Manthan – The Churning of the Ocean

 

Samundra Manthan is also known as Kshirsagar manthan meaning churning of the ocean of milk. This episode was an elaborate process to gain the immortal nectar by deities and demons. During the process, various valuable items came out of the ocean that was then divided between the two sides.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Legend 
 
 
Indra (God of Thunder and Lightning) was presented with a special garland by a sage named Durvasa. He was traveling with his elephant, Airavata. Indra after accepting the garland, he placed it on the trunk of the elephant. Irritated by its smell, the elephant threw the garland on the ground. Taking it as an insult, the sage cursed Indra and deprived him and all the other Gods from their powers. As soon as the demons came to know about the vulnerable condition of the Gods, they defeated them and took control over the universe. 
 
 
Gods then went to Lord VishnuVishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,..
(One of the Supreme Gods of Hindus, also known as the Preserver) for help. He asked the deities to manipulate the demons and tell them about the nectar that can make anyone immortal but to gain that one has to churn the water of the ocean. 
 
 
Deities took the advice and went to demons with the proposal, to which they easily agreed. A mountain named Mandara (believed to be the abode of Lord KrishnaKrishnaKrishna
It is described that there are three aspects of the Supreme that must...
, incarnation of Vishnu) was used as the churning rod and Vasuki, the King of serpents, who rests at the throat of Lord ShivaShivaShiva
Shiva is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindu Trinity that ...
(one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus, also known as the Destructor) played the role of the churning rope. 
 
 
Demons decided to hold the face of the serpent and deities held the tail. Demons were poisoned by the fumes emitted by vasuki He is one of the king serpents, given high privilege in Hindu mythology. He is depicted with a gem on his head. He is the snake of Lord Shiva and the brother of another snake named Manasa. He is the jewel of Shiva and sits around his neck. He was blessed by Shiva and thus given an important status. He was one of the main participants in the churning of the ocean. He was used as the churning rope and his one end was held by the demons and the other by Gods. His face was at the demons side and thus they were affected by his venom. throughout the process. Both the teams started pulling the snake to and fro alternatively thus causing the mountain to rotate. Soon the mountain started sinking in the water. Vishnu then came to the rescue and took the form of a turtle, KurmaKurmaKurma
Kurma, also popularly known as Koroma, is a Hindu deity who is regarded as the second...
and held the mountain on his back.
 
 
Ratnas (Treasures)
 
 
Fourteen types of treasures came out of the ocean during the process that were kept by demons and Gods. One product was a lethal poison, Halahal, which could destroy the complete universe. Shiva then intervened and drank the poison. His wife, ParvatiParvatiParvati
After the death of Shiva's first love Sati, Shiva...
, Goddess of love, fertility and devotion, held his throat so to avoid the poison to go either in the belly or the mind. It stayed in the throat because of which Shiva’s throat became blue in color. He is also known as Neelakanta (one with a blue throat) because of this reason. 
 
 
Other jewels that emerged included LakshmiLakshmiLakshmi
Lakshmi is a Hindu goddess who is regarded as the ultimate deity of wealth...
, the Goddess of Fortune and wealth, who chose Vishnu as her husband. Then there were beautiful Apsaras (nymphs) which chose Gods’ side. The Goddess and creator of alcohol, Varuni, became the part of the team demons. Kamadhenu (a wish-granting cow) was given to sages, Airavata (white elephant) went to deities and Uchhaishravas (a seven-headed horse) went to demons.
 
 
The most valuable jewel, Kaustubha, Gada It is a huge mace which is the main weapon of Hanuman. It is a blunt mace, made up of either wood or metal. The weapon is also used during exercise by wrestlers in India(mace), conch (blown by Vishnu on the victory of Gods) and Sharanga (a powerful bow) was taken by Vishnu. Parijat (an ever blossoming flowering tree) went to Gods. Moon became a part of an adornment of Shiva. 
 
 
Finally Dhanwantri, the Physician of Gods came with a pot in his hand. The pot contained immortal nectar. The demons tried to snatch it and run away but Vishnu took a form of a beautiful nymph MohiniMohiniMohini
Mohini is one of the most popular and iconic characters of the Hindu mythology and is the only female incarnation of Vishnu.
and distracted them. Mohini took the pot from demons and handed it over to GarudaGarudaGaruda
Garuda is a mythological bird-like creature who was large and considered the king of the birds. He was known for his speed...
(large bird-like creature). Garuda while taking its flight dropped four drops in four places, Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain, and Nasik. The bird then handed the pot over to Gods who distributed among themselves and became immortal.The four places where the drops fell became the land of spirituality and mysticism. Every twelve years, Kumbh Mela is celebrated here. People come and take bath in sacred water to gain salvation. 
The Gods gained their powers and strength back and ultimately defeated demons and took over the control of the universe. The truthfulness and goodness of Gods, once again, over-powered the evil deeds and lies of demons.
 
 

 

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