The burning of a dead body is the most important part in Hinduism. Traditional belief among Hindus says that a human body is composed of 5 elements namely; earth, fire, water, air and sky. The process of burning the body in Hinduism is directed towards returning the body to these elements. Hinduism believes in reincarnation and, hence, the soul will return to the sky, earth, air, fire and water.
Hindus believes in reincarnation and death, only symbolises the end of the present existence of a person. The soul of a dead person will start a new cycle of life and again come in a new shape, in some new body. Cremation of a dead person body is only to get rid of the departed soul of any attachments because humans are supposed to be emotional and they get attached to their body, and this process will end any kind of attachments to the body.
This is the reason children and saints are buried in Hinduism because they are not attached to their bodies and can be buried for their further process.
A person's body is surrendered to the holy fire because fire is considered holy in Hinduism. Fire burns away almost everything and leaves nothing behind.
Some non-traditional Hindus, nowadays, take their dead to an electric crematorium in the cities.
Hindu funeral, as it is now performed has undergone many changes. Before the dead body goes to burning, it goes through different rituals. According to the tradition (it may vary from person to person) as soon as all the hope of life is given up, the family priest summons all sons to sit by the side of the dying person. The Certain donation is to be given first to Brahmans, and then the body should be given a sacred bath to purify the soul. After this, the son should sit near the head of the deceased and chant hymns from Vedas Four ancient texts constituting the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism
to the dictation of the family priest. The purpose of the prayer is to give his soul a peaceful journey to heaven or another birth cycle. After this, the dead body is proceeded to the burning ground. All the women stay at home, and generally men of the house proceed to burn ground. The sons of the deceased take shower after returning to home.
Rituals vary from person to person, but the process of burning is same in Hinduism. At last, ashes of the deceased person are poured in the GangaGanga
According to Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu in one of....
River. It is also believed that excess mourning over a deceased prevents the soul from being completely detached from loved ones. And cremation helps to remove most of those things that can come in the way of deceased and hence making the journey of soul easier. So burning of dead is a very important part in Hinduism and practised in every Hindu family with all the rituals.