In Hindus, there are more than 33 million Gods and we are celebrate almost many festivals with different reasons in the honor of our deities.
Diwali in one part of the country is an equally auspicious occasion for many other religions and communities. There are some facts about this festival of lights:
1. THE BIRTH AND THE MARRIAGE OF GODDESS LAXMI
It is believed that Goddess LakshmiLakshmi
Lakshmi is a Hindu goddess who is regarded as the ultimate deity of wealth... (the Goddess of wealth) was born on this day during the churning of the ocean by the Asuras and Devas (known as Samudra manthan). Goddess Laxmi was eventually married to Lord VishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,.. on the very same new moon night of the year and luminous lamps were lit up to mark this holy occasion. Hence the association of Diwali with Goddess Lakshmi and the tradition of lighting of lamps and candles during the festival.
2. RETURN OF RAM
This one is the most popular reason, from one of India’s great epics, the Ramayana. It was the new moon day of Kartik when Lord Ram, SitaSita
Sita is the most benevolent Goddess, who is known... and LakshmanLakshman
Lakshmana is a Hindu deity and is the younger brother of Rama.... returned to Ayodhya after defeating Ravana and conquering Lanka. The citizens of Ayodhya decorated the entire city with earthen lamps and lighting it in honor of the returning King.
3. END OF THE HARVEST PERIOD
The fact that Diwali which is celebrated sometime in October/November which also overlaps with the end of a harvesting season, known as the Kharif season. Traditionally in India the celebration of Diwali was first started by the farmers after they reaped their harvests. On this day delicacies are prepared from pounded semi-cooked rice called Poha. This rice is taken from the fresh harvest available at that time. This custom is prevalent both in rural and urban areas especially in Western India.
4. DEDICATED TO KaliKali
There are several traditions of how Kali came into existence... PUJA IN BENGAL
In keeping with the legend of Goddess Kali, Bengal celebrates Kali Puja It is a prayer ritual performed to make offerings, honoring, evoking or worshipping gods. The ceremony can also be performed to pay homage to the beloved ones who are deadon Diwali. Kali She is the embodiment of empowerment and a fierce aspect of the Goddess. She is black in her complexion and thus she is named Kali. She is the Goddess of time, power, change and destruction and is majorly worshipped in South India, Bengal and AssamPuja is held on the night of the New Moon in the Bengali month of Kartik. It is said that Maharaja Krishnan ChandraChandra
The name Chandra originated from Sanskrit, meaning ‘the illustrious one’... of Nawadweep implored everyone, in his domain to worship Kali. As this puja was basically under the patronage of the rich and famous, it survived on a grand scale. Today, Kali puja is second in grandeur only to Durga puja in Bengal.
5. LORD KrishnaKrishna
It is described that there are three aspects of the Supreme that must... KILLED NARAKAASUR
While the rest of India celebrates Diwali on the new moon night, in Tamil Nadu, Diwali is traditionally celebrated on Naraka Chaturdasi(a day before Diwali). The legend goes something like this, that long ago there was demon king Narakaasur who had imprisoned around 16000 hapless women. Lord Krishna (8th incarnation of Lord Vishnu) saved the life of all those women by killing Narakaasur. From that day, it is celebrated to commemorate the victory of truth over the evil. In Goa, on this day, paper effigies of Narakasura, He was the son of earth Goddess, Bhudevi who became a demon in association with another demon named Banasura filled with grass and firecrackers symbolizing evil, are burnt. Some Tamil homes observe “nombu” and do Laxmi Pooja on this day.
6. Lord Mahavira Mahavira was the last Tirthankara who was considered an omniscient teacher. He always taught the path of righteousness. As early as the age of 30, he left the comforts of his home in order to find spiritual enlightenment. He left all his materialistic pleasures and became a monk. He practiced severe meditation and penance for almost twelve years. He also became a traveler and preached Jain philosophy. He died at the age of 72 and attained liberation or salvation.
ATTAINED ETERNAL BLISS
Diwali has a very special significance in Jainism too. Jainism is celebrated for the anniversary of Lord Mahavira , the last of the Jain Tirthankar of this era, attaining nirvana.
7. SPECIAL DAY FOR THE SIKH COMMUNITY
Diwali has a very special significance in Sikhs A Sikh is a person who follows Sikhism as his religion. The term ‘Sikh’ has been derived from a Sanskrit word, Sisya which means disciple. The term used is appropriate for the people as they all follow the teachings of their teachers, the ten Gurus, and practice their preaching. They are known for their courage and hard-work. Male Sikhs use ‘Singh’ in their name, whereas women used ‘Kaur’.
community too, Diwali came to have special connotation from the day the town of Amritsar was illuminated on the return to it of Guru Hargobind (1595-1644) who had been held captive in the Fort at Gwalior under the orders of the Mughal emperor, Jahangir (1570-1627). Hence forth Diwali, like Baisakhi, became a day of pilgrimage to the seat of the Gurus. The third Sikh Guru Amar Das institutionalized Diwali as a Red-Letter Day when all Sikhs would gather to receive the Gurus blessings.
8. BESTU VARAS
Bestu Varas denote the beginning of the harvest season in Gujarat and therefore is observed with great enthusiasm. It is celebrated as Gujarati New Year and falls on the day after Diwali. Similarly, Marwaris (Rajathani) celebrate their new year with Diwali.
9. ENLIGHTENMENT OF SWAMI DAYANANDA SARASWATI
It was the new moon day of Kartik (Diwali day) when Maharshi Dayananda, one of the greatest reformers of Hinduism and the founder of the Arya Samaj attained his nirvana.
10. RETURN OF THE PANDAVAS TO KINGDOM
According to the great epic Mahabharata, it was Kartik Amavashya when the Pandavas appeared from their 12 years of banishment as a result of their defeat in the hands of the Kauravas They were the descendants of Kuru. Duryodhana was considered the most important Kaurava. They were hundred in number and had only one sister named Dushala. They were parented by Gandhari and Dhritarashtra. They fought against the Pandavas in the war of Mahabharata. They also didn’t want the Pandavas to rule and thus also sent them into exile.
at the game of dice (gambling). The countrymen who loved the Pandavas celebrated the day by lighting earthen lamps.
In our country, Diwali is the five-day festival of lights, celebrated by millions of Hindus, Sikhs and Jains across the world. The festival, which coincides with the Hindu New Year, celebrates new beginnings and the triumph of good over evil and light over darkness.