Baisakhi festival is commemorated on 13-14 April every year according to English calendar and the first day of Vaishakh month according to traditional Hindu & Punjabi calendar mostly celebrated in Punjab. On this day sun changes its position and marks the entry into the Aries Constellation.
Baisakhi festival is also celebrated as Harvest Festival and the New Year. This day is also called ‘Thanks Giving Day’. On this day, farmers visit temple to express gratitude to the Almighty for the abundant harvest and pray for good health & wealth for them and their family members.
People decked up in new clothes and have party time. They enjoy mouth watering traditional dishes along with singing and dancing.
Festival of Fairs & Feast
In some places fairs were organized where races wrestling bouts, acrobatics were held. Numerous stalls were set up where they can sell trinkets, bracelets, handicrafts, music CD’s and food adds color to the festivity celebrations.
Baisakhi celebration by Sikh Community
Baisakhi is associated with Guru Gobind Singh (The tenth spiritual leader of Sikhism).
On this day, Guru Gobind Singh decided that he would be the last preacher and thereafter the holy book of Guru Granth Sahib It is the religious text of Sikhs which they consider as their impersonal God. It has the teachings of all the ten Gurus. After the tenth Guru, Sikhs started praying and worshipping the sacred text. It has 1430 pages and was composed in between 1469 and 1708. It is a spiritual guide but not only for Sikhs but for all the humanity. It is believed to answer all the queries related to religion and morality. It is written in Gurumukhi script and is believed to be the word of God.
would be their eternal preacher. Guru Granth sahib is initially known as Adi Granth that was compiled by fifth preacher of Sikhism, Guru Arjun (1563–1606), from hymns of the first five Sikh preachers and 15 other great saints, or followers. This holy book not only includes the sayings from the pious people from their religion but also include sayings from those of the Hindu and Muslim faith. Later Guru Gobind Singh added all 115 of Guru Tegh Bahadur's hymns to the Adi Granth and this second version became known as the Guru Granth Sahib.
On this auspicious day, Guru Gobind Singh baptized Sikhism It is a monotheistic religion that came into existence in 15th Century. It originated in South Asia. According to this religion, there is only one God. The people who follow this religion believe in harmony, unity, selfless service, honest existence, social justice and equality. There were ten Gurus who taught people a happy and spiritual way of living. After the death of Guru Gobind Singh, the people gave the book, ‘Guru Granth Sahib’, the status of their impersonal God.
and given it a new name: ‘Khalsa Panth’. He said that all people who would be following Khalsa Panth.
To mark this special day, every year Sikhs A Sikh is a person who follows Sikhism as his religion. The term ‘Sikh’ has been derived from a Sanskrit word, Sisya which means disciple. The term used is appropriate for the people as they all follow the teachings of their teachers, the ten Gurus, and practice their preaching. They are known for their courage and hard-work. Male Sikhs use ‘Singh’ in their name, whereas women used ‘Kaur’.
visit their holy place Gurdwara to attend special mass prayers. Most of them strived to visit the revered Golden Temple in Amritsar where the Khalsa Panth was pronounced by Guru Gobind Singh.
In all Gurudwaras, The Granth Sahib is bathed with milk and water, placed on the throne, and read. At the end of ritual Karah Prasad It is the sacred food that is distributed after an auspicious event or day after offering it to the Gods(sacred pudding made from pure ghee, sugar, and flour) is distributed to all people visited there.
Later in day, the Granth Sahib is taken out in the procession, accompanied by music, singing, chanting, and performances.
Sikhs also offer their help in the daily chores of the gurdwaras such as preparation and distributing common meal (Langar) Langar is the common food which is served commonly to all the visitors who come to Gurudwara. It is vegetarian food and completely free of cost. The ritual of Langar was started by Guru Nanak and it was designed on the basis of equality. All people, despite caste, creed, color, age and religion. On various festivals and cultural events, there are variations in the langar and on such events the langar is not only limited to the Gurudwara but it is also served on open roads or parks.
during the day and thereafter washing of utensils. This act signifies humanity of Sikh religion.
Male Folks and female folks decked in traditional dresses and perform bhangra and gidda dance on the tunes of Dhol It is a double headed drum played using two wooden sticks. It is slung over the neck of the player while he plays the instrumentin a joyful festive atmosphere.
Baisakhi coincides with other festivals celebrated in some regions of India
Baisakhi coincides with other festivals celebrated in some regions of India such as Puthandu, the Tamil new year, Bikhu or Bikhauti in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, Bisu -Tulu New Year Day, Rongali Bihu in Assam, Edmyaar 1 (Bisu Changrandi) - Kodava New Year, Maha Vishuva Sankranti (or Pana Sankranti) in Odisha, JurShital (New Year) in Bihar, Naba Barsha or Pohela Boishakh in Bengal and Tripura, Nepaland Bangladesh, Navreh in Kashmir, Vishu in Kerala.
Baisakhi coincides with other festivals celebrated in other parts of the World
Nepalese New Year in Nepal, Sinhalese New Year in Sri-Lanka and Songkran in Thailand.