Raksha Bandhan is celebrated on the full-moon day in the month of Shravan (July-August) according to Hindu calendar. It is among the most popular and ancient festivals in India. The festival provides an opportunity to rejoice in the warmth of the affectionate relationship shared between brothers and sisters. In Sanskrit, the term Raksha Bandhan means ‘the knot of protection’. The sister ties the knot of love and wishes for the well-being of her brother whereas the brother vouches to protect his sister in all conditions.
Mythological saga of Raksha Bandhan related to YamaYama
Also known as Yamaraja, Yama is the controller of the hell (Naraka)... and Yami
The most cherished brother-sister love is shared between Yama and Yamuna. For twelve long years, Yama didn’t visit his sister because of which she was very upset. But finally when she met Yama, she was filled with happiness and sheer love. She prepared a bounty of food for him, and when Yama asked her what she wanted as a gift, she asked for his lifelong love. Yama granted her wish and also made her immortal as a river.
Mythological saga of Raksha Bandhan related to Ganesha
According to another mythological saga, God Ganesha, son of Lord ShivaShiva
Shiva is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindu Trinity that ... and Goddess ParvatiParvati
After the death of Shiva's first love Sati, Shiva..., had two siblings, KartikeyaKartikeya
Kartikeya is the son of Shiva and Parvatiand is regarded as the commander- in-chief the army of the gods. Being the son of the supreme couple, his elder brother and Ashok Sundari, his younger lovely sister. God GaneshaGanesha
The guardian deity of Hindus, also known as the Ganapati (The God of all groups) is the son of Lord Shiva ... married to Ridhi and sidhi and had two sons Shubh and LabhShubh and Labh
According to the Mudgal Purana, Ganesha is married to the Brahma’s daughters- Riddhi (prosperity) and Siddhi (wealth)... (literally means “Holy” and “Profit").
On the occasion of Raksha Bandhan, Ashok Sundari visited God Ganesha’s palace and tied a sacred thread on Ganesha's wrist. Subh and Labh become upset that they don’t have any sister to celebrate Rakhi with. They ask their father God Ganesha for a sister, but their efforts went in vain. Once, saint NaradaNarada
Narada, also popularly known as Narada Muni, is a great Vedic sage and is one of the most significant and iconic characters of the Hindus. appeared and persuaded
God Ganesha that a daughter would enrich him as well as his sons. God Ganesha agreed, and created a daughter and incarnated her as “Santoshi". He created Goddess Santoshi by divine flames that emerged from Ganesh's wives: Riddhi and SiddhiRiddhi and Siddhi
Riddhi and Siddhi are the two daughters of Lord Brahma (one of the Supreme... After that, Shubh and Labh had a sister. After that, all the three siblings love and protect each other.
Mythological saga of Raksha Bandhan related to Krishna
There is yet another mythological story that is mentioned in the epic 'Mahabharata', Rakhi played a significant role in developing a divine relationship between Lord KrishnaKrishna
It is described that there are three aspects of the Supreme that must... and DraupadiDraupadi
Draupadi (Wife of Five Pandavas), also known as Krishna, because of her dark complexion, is the daughter of Drupada..., wife of the Pandavas.
The saga goes as Follows:
A sacred bond also developed between Krishna and Draupadi. Once Krishna cut his finger and was hurting. Looking at him bleed, Draupadi, tore a piece of his saree and wrapped his finger. Krishna was moved by her gesture and promised her to repay her debt of love when the right time arrives. He repaid the debt by protecting her from a disrobing by providing her with an unlimited cloth.
Mythological saga of Raksha Bandhan related to Bali
According to another legend, Bali was defeated by VishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,.. in three wars, and he accepted his defeat with grace. He only asked Vishnu for one favor, that he with his wife should stay in Bali’s palace, to which Vishnu happily agreed. But LakshmiLakshmi
Lakshmi is a Hindu goddess who is regarded as the ultimate deity of wealth... was not happy in that house. She tied a rakhi as Bali’s wrist and asked for his permission to leave the palace with Vishnu and to go back to her original abode. As a brother, Bali couldn’t disagree and permitted them to leave.
Mythological saga of Raksha Bandhan related to Indra
In earlier times, this ceremony was not only celebrated between brothers and sisters, but also by women who wanted the welfare of the men in their lives. They tied a sacred thread on their wrists. There was a war between the Gods and demons, and Indra was the leader of the army of Gods. His wife, Sachi, was very scared and thus consulted Vishnu to provide her with an item that could protect her husband from all the troubles. Vishnu handed over a cotton thread bracelet to her, which she tied on Indra’s wrist because of which he successfully emerged from the war and brought evil to an end.
Popular Historical reference behind Raksha Bandhan:-
According to historians, around mid-seventeenth century the situation of Chittaurgarh in Rajasthan state of western India. The situation got worsened when King of Chittor, Rana Sanga died. Mughal Emperor Babur, invaded the kingdom of Chittorgarh.
Chittorgarh’s queen Karnavati felt that she would not able to defend her Kingdom and sent Rakhi and letter for the help to Mughal Emperor Humayun. As soon as Humayun received rakhi and letter, he was greatly touched and immediately set off with his troops to help Queen and defend her kingdom.
Unfortunately, Humayun arrived late, and till that time Bahadur Shah managed to sack the Queen's Fortress. Queen along with 13,000 other women in the fort Of Chittorgarh, killed themselves to avoid dishonor while the men open and rode out on a suicidal charge against Bahadur Shah's troops. When Humayun reached Chittor, he evicted Bahadur Shah from the fort and restored the kingdom to Karnavati's son, Vikramjit Singh.
From That Day, It Is expected that the Way Emperor Humayun helped Queen Kamravati, similarly, every brother promises their sister for love and protection from their side.
Traditional ceremony to celebrate Raksha Bandhan
On this special occasion, the sister prepares a Puja It is a prayer ritual performed to make offerings, honoring, evoking or worshipping gods. The ceremony can also be performed to pay homage to the beloved ones who are deadthali that consists of a holy thread (Rakhi), day and some traditional sweets. According to Hindu tradition, there is an extensive meaning attached to every item placed on the puja thali. Sisters decorate the platter of brass, steel or silver with flowers, banana leaves, mirrors or sandalwood. These are then adorned with a Swastika, Rakhi, diya, tilak, rice grains and holy water, all adding to the meaning of this festival.
The detailed meaning of some Hindi words used in the blog
Swastika – Symbol of growth and well-being
In Hindu rituals, Lord Ganesha is always presented with the first offering and Rakhi is no exception to this custom. He is considered as the lord of the beginners. The Swastika It is a Hindu symbol which is usually made with rice and vermillion before starting nay big event or ceremony as it is considered auspicious. It represents the God and universal energy or Shakti. Four lines are used to make this mark and the four lines represents the four direction and Purushartha- the objects of human pursuit, which are natural order, wealth, desire and liberation.is the symbolic representation of Ganesha. It is usually drawn with vermilion in the center of the thali.
Swastika is derived from the Sanskrit word, ‘Swastika’ meaning ‘to be good’ or ‘being with the higher self’. Its four limbs denote the four Vedas Four ancient texts constituting the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism(sign of sanctity), the four goals of life (representing prosperity), the four stages of life (sign of good fortune), four directions (signifying omnipresence), four seasons (stand for cyclic nature of time) and four Yugas of the world cycle (the natural evolution of the universe).
Tilak – Mark of auspiciousness
The tradition of applying red pigment powder with rice grains by sisters on the foreheads of the brothers stands for devotion and submission to God. This mark between the eyebrows is believed to protect the spiritual potential of man. It works as a shield for the ‘spiritual third eye’.
Tilak, applied with the thumb and the ring finger in one upward stroke, is considered very auspicious. The sun, representing peace, brilliance, honor, respect and faith, is believed to rest at the base of the ring finger. Venus is supposedly placed at the base of the thumb and ensures health, gentility and politeness. The upward stroke denotes that the brother will never fail and will ‘vijayee bhava’ (win) in every sphere of life.
Tilak consist of Roli mixed with unbroken grains of rice as these stand for firmness and steadfastness of the mind. It is meant to increase one’s potential and bring success.
Diya – It is a small cup-shaped oil lamp made of baked clay often referred as an earthen lamp. It is lighted up for the goodness and the removal of evil, darkness and ignorance to promote righteousness and happiness. It is considered to be the light of God and leads you on the path of enlightenment. Light is also a source of positive energy that is said to impart knowledge.
The upward movement of the flame encourages forward movement in all situations, favorable or unfavorable. It represents virtuosity, harmony, and truth.
Saree- It is a garment consisting of a length of cotton or silk that has to be draped around the body.
Puja Thali- A palette of brass, silver, or steel decorated with various items and used on auspicious occasions.