Varalakshmi is another form of LakshmiLakshmi
Lakshmi is a Hindu goddess who is regarded as the ultimate deity of wealth... and on this day she is worshipped by women especially belonging to Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra. The day falls during the bright lunar fortnight of Shravan month (July-August), according to Hindu calendar. It is celebrated on the second Friday or the Friday which falls before the full moon day.
According to a legend, there was a lady named Charumathi and was very pure at heart. She was a true devotee of the goddess and also performed all her duties towards her family with perfection. Once she was visited by Lakshmi in her dreams who asked her to perform Varalakshmi vrat. She told her family members about it and they were all very supportive. When she started with the ritual, many other women of the village joined her. She successfully completed the fast, and she and her family were soon blessed with success and wealth. They all gained peace and prosperity.
According to another famous legend, there was a king named Bathrasiravas and his wife named Sura Chandrika. They were blessed with everything and ruled their kingdom with order and honesty. They had a beautiful and kind-hearted daughter named Shyamabala who was married to a prince.
Once Shyamabala was visiting her parents’ house, and she saw her mother was driving an old lady out of their house. On being asked her mother replied that the old lady was making suggestions of some Varalakshmi vrat. The Queen didn’t like an old lady interfering in her business. Thus, she drove her out. But Shyamabala wanted to hear what the old lady wanted to say. She invited her and learned the rituals and importance of Varalakshmi Vrat. She decided to observe the rituals after going back to her husband’s home. Soon her kingdom started prospering and riches flowed in. But on the other hand, her parents were facing troubles. They were becoming poorer with every passing day, and there was anarchy in their kingdom.
Shyamabala wanted to help them and sent pots of gold coins to her parents but as soon as her mother’s laid her eyes on the gold, it turned into ashes. Shyamabala realized that the misery was the result of her mother’s negligence towards the advice of the old lady. The old lady was no other than Lakshmi in disguise. She then told her mother to observe the ritual and soon the lost glory was retained in the kingdom.
Rituals to be followed
Women perform a special puja. They wake up early in the morning and make a Puja It is a prayer ritual performed to make offerings, honoring, evoking or worshipping gods. The ceremony can also be performed to pay homage to the beloved ones who are dead
area after cleaning the house. Beautiful and colorful designs are made on the floor, using flowers or colors. Usually, a lotus with eight petals is drawn as a lotus is the seating place for Lakshmi. A bronze or silver pot is cleaned and then decorated. Swastika It is a Hindu symbol which is usually made with rice and vermillion before starting nay big event or ceremony as it is considered auspicious. It represents the God and universal energy or Shakti. Four lines are used to make this mark and the four lines represents the four direction and Purushartha- the objects of human pursuit, which are natural order, wealth, desire and liberation.
symbol is drawn using vermillion on it. It is filled with rice, topped with mango leaves and a coconut. The pot is considered as the symbol of the deity herself and people place some coins, sweets, jewelry, new clothes, fruits and dry fruits in front of the pot. Some people might stick or paint an image of the Goddess. Garlands made of fresh flowers are also placed. The Goddess is then evoked, and prayers are offered to her. Hymns are sung in her praise. If a priest is invited to perform the rituals, then he is made an offering of betel levees, fruits, coconut and some money as his fees.
Married women fast for the whole day and seek blessings for their family. They tie a sixteen-knotted red thread on their right hand, also known as Kalava. Women gift each other items like Vermillion, jewelry, bangles, henna and flowers which symbolize their marital status. Various saviors are prepared for the day like Obbattu, A traditional sweet flatbread made up of flour, peanut, sugar, coconut and sesame Kosambari, It is a salad made of pulses and mustard seeds Puliyogare, It is a South Indian dish, also known as tamarind rice Huli It is a lentil-based dish, also known as sambhar
The next day, women take a bath and they sprinkle the water inside the pot all around the house, as it is considered highly auspicious. Many people place the pot on rice and if rice is used in the ritual, then it is mixed with the rice of the house. The food is believed to become sacred and blessed.
‘Padmasane Padmakar Sarva Lokaika Poojithe Narayana Priya Devi Supreetha Bhava Sarvada’.
Significance of Varalakshmi Vrat
Women who keep fast on this day ensure long life and well-being of their husbands. Lakshmi is the Goddess of wealth and presides over eight sources of wealth, which includes prosperity, good health, knowledge, strength, progeny, and power. Praying to the Goddess provides all these sources. Childless women can also fast for having a baby.