Bhanu is one of the many names of Surya God and his role in Hinduism is extremely prominent. Bhanu Saptami is a day dedicated to him, in order to celebrate his first appearance in the universe on his chariot drawn by seven horses. In many Indian states, people celebrate the day as Surya Dev’s birth anniversary.
Bhanu Saptami is celebrated on a large scale, on the seventh day during the bright lunar fortnight in the month of Magha (January-February), according to the Hindu calendar and it is known as Magha saptami and Ratha Saptami. Some Hindu communities also celebrate the day in various other months and when Saptami falls on a Sunday then it is considered extremely auspicious as it is being celebrated in the month of Bhadrapada (August-September) in 2015
People take an early bath, specifically in a river, lake or a pond and make arrangements to offer prayers to the Sun God. One who takes bath at the time of sunrise attains a pious mind and soul. People recite Aditya Hrudayam which is considered the most powerful prayer to the Sun. After taking the bath, devotees should mix seven types of fruits with rice and let it flow in the water as an offering to the Sun. Some may also mix Durva grass It has many medicinal values and people who perform the rituals associated with the day, are benefitted by its positive effects on skin disorders, high sugar level, obesity, insomnia, fatigue, anemia and digestion. Hence it symbolizes purity of body. One can also purify his house by sprinkling water in all the corners using durva grass. According to some beliefs, the tip of the grass represents Shiva, the middle represents Vishnu and the roots represent Brahma. Thus it as pure as the holy trinity
and sandalwood paste with it. Temples dedicated to Surya are decorated and observe a large number of devotees attending the prayer ceremonies.
At homes, women draw colorful patterns with powdered colors in front of their house to welcome the sun rays. Some people place cow dung in between the colorful patterns and burn it to purify the house. Married women fast on this day in order to gain virtues and knowledge whereas widows hope to stay away from the pain of widowhood in their next life.
Some of the mantas that can be recited throughout the day are
Om Bhanve Namah
Om Adityaya Namah
Om Surya Namah
Om Ravaye Namah
Om Bhaskaraya Namah
The Sun is considered the most eminent source of power. He is the king of all planets and believed to provide solutions for various health and wealth related problems. If one performs the above mentioned rituals with pure mind and heart, he can gain immense knowledge and success. He attains forgiveness for his past sins and good fortune stays with him forever.
Some of the most important temples where the day is celebrated are located in Southern, Western and Eastern States of India and they are Suriyanar Koyil Temple in Thanjavur (Tamil Nadu), Surayanarayana Temple in Arasavalli (Andhra Pradesh), Dakshinaarka Temple in Gaya (Bihar), Surya Pahar Temple (Assam) and Sun Temple at Modhera (Gujarat).
Aditya Hridayam- It is a special prayer dedicated to Sun God and the literal translation of the title is ‘The heart of Sun”. It was chanted by RamaRama
As of late, in the year 2007, the idea of whether Rama...
while fighting with Ravana. If one recites this prayer on regular basis then he can be cured of diseases, his worries and tensions will stay at bay and he will conquer all the hurdles of life successfully. The fear of enemies will never trouble the person and one will attain peace of mind and confidence.