Dattatreya Jayanti – Celebrating the Birth of the Trinity
Dattatreya Jayanti, also popularly known as Datta Jayanti, is a Hindu festival that signifies the birthday of Dattatreya. DattatreyaDattatreya
Dattatreya is a Hindu deity who has the virtues of all the three Supreme Gods of Hindu,... is regarded as the incarnation of the three supreme deities - BrahmaBrahma
According to Hinduism, the whole creation is the work of Trimurti (the Hindu Trinity)..., Vishnu, and ShivaShiva
Shiva is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindu Trinity that ... - combined. The name Dattatreya is a combination of two Sanskrit words “Datta” and “Treya”. “Datta” means “one who has been endowed with spiritual experience and realization of god” and “Treya” means “related to three”. The festival is celebrated on the full moon day of the month of Margashirsha (November-December) according to the Hindu calendar. The festival is celebrated with great fervor all over India.
Depiction of Dattatreya
Dattatreya is generally depicted to have three heads and six hands. He is always shown holding a shell, lotus flower, trident, water pot, discus and drum in each hand. He is generally shown dressed in a plain dhoti only. He is usually decorated with flowers and garlands and is portrayed to be a very simple yet charismatic deity.
Once upon a time there was a sage named Atri. He married a very chaste and religious woman named Anasuya. She wanted to have a son who was equal in virtues to Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva, also known together as Trimurtis. For this, she performed intense penance and offered prayers to the Trimurtis with full devotion and sincerity. Due to this the three supreme goddesses SaraswatiSaraswati
The name Saraswati is a combination of two Sanskrit words..., LakshmiLakshmi
Lakshmi is a Hindu goddess who is regarded as the ultimate deity of wealth... and ParvatiParvati
After the death of Shiva's first love Sati, Shiva..., known together as Tridevi and consorts of Brahma, VishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,.. and Shiva respectively, became jealous. The goddesses sent their husbands to test the chastity and virtuousness of Anasuya. The three gods approached and appeared before Anasuya in the form of ascetics. They asked her to provide alms to them naked. This befuddled Anasuya for a moment. However, after a while, she started meditating and chanted some Mantra. A group of sacred words chanted in order to gain something, be it materialistic pleasures or peaceful mind She then sprinkled some water on the three ascetics and turned them into babies. She then fed them her breast milk while being naked, just like they wanted. When AtriAtri
Atri is one of the sons of Brahma (God of creation) who is believed to have born from... returned home, his wife narrated the whole story to him. But he already knew about everything because of his divine psychic powers. He then hugged the three babies to his heart. The three babies were then transformed into a single baby with three heads and six arms. The couple accepted the baby as their own child. When the husbands of the goddesses did not return after a long time, they started to worry about them. The goddesses then went to Anasuya and requested her to return their husbands to them. As soon as Anasuya accepted their request, the Trimurtis appeared in their true divine form in front of the couple. They blessed Atri and Anasuya with a son named Dattatreya who was equal in merits to the three gods.
Worship and Beliefs
On the day of Dattatreya, Jayanti people wake up early in the morning and take a bath in a nearby holy river or stream. They then take a vow to observe fast for the whole day. One of the most important rituals of the festival is reading of the sacred text books called Avadhuta Gita and Jivanmukta Gita. The sacred texts are believed to contain the teachings and life lessons of Dattatreya preached and written by the deity himself. The devotees and worshippers are also supposed to meditate and chant mantras associated with the deity. People offer sandalwood paste, jasmine and tuberose flowers, incenses, fruits, etc. to Dattatreya. There are many temples of Dattatreya all across India. However, the most significant temple of the deity is the Manik Prabhu Temple where Dattatreya Jayanti is celebrated for a series of seven days continuously with great zeal and passion. Dattatreya symbolizes the importance of virtuousness, chastity, purity and righteousness in life.