Diwali – The Festival of Celebrations
The name Diwali is deduced from Deepavali, which in Sanskrit, is a conjugation of two words – “Deepa” and “Aavali”. “Deepa” in Sanskrit means “light” and “Aavali” means “series or row”. Thus, the name Deepavali It is also known as the festival of lights and is celebrated on the return of Lord Rama back to his abode, Ayodhyaor Diwali literally means “row of lights”. Therefore, Diwali is a festival of lights.
Diwali always occurs on Amavasya or a new moon day in the month of Kartik (October-November), according to the Hindu calendar, when the night is darkest and there is no moonlight. People all over the world light candles and diyas and celebrate the festival with great passion and joy. Diwali is considered the festival of gifts, sweets, fireworks and crackers.
There are a variety of legends and beliefs for celebrations of Diwali, but the core of the festival remains the same – it is the celebration of the victory of good over evil.
The most widely accepted legend is that Diwali marks the day when RamaRama
As of late, in the year 2007, the idea of whether Rama... returned to Ayodhya after fourteen years of exile. The legend states that Dasharatha, father of Rama, king of Ayodhya had three wives. One of them was KaikeyiKaikeyi
Kaikeyi, one of the major characters of Ramayana, was the mother of Bharata..., who wanted her son BharataBharata
He is also a younger brother of Rama and the son of Kaikeyi. His mother wanted him to be the king of Ayodhya after Dasaratha, thus she forced her husband to put the legal heir to throne, Rama, to exile. Bharat never accepted the throne and waited for his brother to return. He rather placed Rama’s sandals on the throne. to be made as the successor of the king. As part of a promise made to her, she told Dasharatha to send Rama away from the palace for fourteen years in exile to a forest. During the exile Rama’s wife SitaSita
Sita is the most benevolent Goddess, who is known... was abducted by Ravana. Later, Rama killed Ravana and freed his wife Sita, thus, proving that good always prevails over evil. Consequently, Rama returned to Ayodhya and people celebrated the occasion by lighting up candles and decorating the whole kingdom with lights.
Another legend narrates the story of killing of Narakasura He was the son of earth Goddess, Bhudevi who became a demon in association with another demon named Banasuraby KrishnaKrishna
It is described that there are three aspects of the Supreme that must... and his wife Satyabhama. Narakasura, was son of Bhudevi. He was a great devotee of BrahmaBrahma
According to Hinduism, the whole creation is the work of Trimurti (the Hindu Trinity)... and observed penance to please the deity. Brahma, upon being pleased by his prayers, granted him the boon that he could be killed only by his mother Bhudevi. Consequently, Narakasura acquired immense power and began to tyrannize everybody be it human beings on earth or the demigods in heaven. He used to capture beautiful young women and forced them to live with him. As a result, everyone prayed to Krishna to help them and rescue them from their misery. Then Krishna came forward to help them and began fighting the demon. He asked his wife to come in the battlefield as well and told her to be the driver of his chariot. The battle lasted for a long time and, due to the boon, Krishna was not able to defeat Narakasura. He then attacked Krishna with an arrow on which Krishna pretended to be unconscious after being hit by it. This made SatyabhamaSatyabhama
She is considered to be the incarnation of Mother earth. Satyabhama's father Satrajit owned a divine jewel called syamantaka. Krishna told Satrajit to send the jewel to... very angry and, enraged in fury, she picked up a bow and attacked Narakasura with an arrow and killed him. Krishna then got up and told her that she was able to kill the demon because Satyabhama One of the wives of Krishna who is an incarnation of earth Goddess. She was very strong willed and helped Krishna in defeating a demon named Narakasurawas a reincarnation of Bhudevi. Thus, it conveys the message that one should always stand by honesty and morals which are above one’s personal bonds.
Yet another legend associated with Diwali is the conquering of Bali by Vishnu. A king named Bali was a great worshipper of gods and very generous. However, he was also evil and used to cause great trouble for everyone. In addition to that, he was so powerful that he soon became the ruler of the world. This really upset the demigods in heaven. So, in order to help them, VishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,.. assumed the form of Vamana. He then, in disguise, came to meet Bali. Bali treated VamanaVamana
In VAMANA Avatar, Vishnu incarnates himself as a dwarf priest... with respect and, in turn, Vamana praised Bali a lot about his power and his conquests. As a result Bali, filled with massive ego and pride, told Vamana to ask for anything he desired. On this, Vamana replied that he needed only that much land which can be covered by him in three strides. This amused Bali as he thought how much land could a dwarf possibly cover and take from him in just three small strides. So, he agreed to his wish and told him to take his three strides. Then Vamana took a very huge form. He was so huge that in just two strides he covered the earth and the world above it in the skies. As there was still one more stride to be made by him but no land was left in the world, Bali, being the person of his word, offered Vamana to place his foot on his head as the third stride. Thus, Vamana placed his foot on Bali and sent him to the Patala Lok or the netherworld. Nevertheless, Vishnu was pleased by the actions of Bali and asked him for a boon. In turn, Bali asked Vishnu to be the guard of his palace at Patala Lok. Bound by the boon he granted to Bali, Vishnu had to stay there with him. After a while, Vishnu’s wife, Lakshmi, could not bear the separation from her husband. As she was depressed the proper functioning of the world was not ensured. In order to rectify the things, ShivaShiva
Shiva is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindu Trinity that ... and Brahma requested Bali to free Vishnu and take them as their guards instead, to which Bali agreed. It is considered that on a new moon day, Vishnu returned to LakshmiLakshmi
Lakshmi is a Hindu goddess who is regarded as the ultimate deity of wealth... bringing immense pleasure and joy to the goddess. Hence, it is believed that if anyone who worships Lakshmi on this day with devotion would be blessed by the goddess with all the riches of the world as the day signifies great happiness for her.
The festival of Diwali is celebrated for five days continuously. However, the third day is considered as the main festive day. On this day, people worship Lakshmi as she blesses her devotees with granting good health, wisdom and financial well-being. People, especially children, burst crackers and light up fireworks. It is believed that the sound and light produced by the crackers and fireworks symbolize the thankfulness of the people of the earth to their gods up in the skies. People exchange gifts, offer sweets to each other and celebrate the festival together with fervor, joy and unity.
The significance of Diwali is enormous in the fact that it is considered a new year of finance by many people. Economically, Diwali is a very important festival as most of the decorations and renovations of homes, purchasing of new clothes, gifts, and expensive commodities like car, jewelry etc. is done during the festivity.