Govardhan Puja – Celebrating the Victory
Govardhan Puja is the fourth in the series of festivals of the Diwali season. It is attributed to KrishnaKrishna
It is described that there are three aspects of the Supreme that must... and is a celebration of his position as the supreme master of the world. The name Govardhan is associated with a small hill located in Braj, a place near Mathura, Uttar Pradesh. The festival is celebrated on the first day of the growing moon phase of the month of Kartik (October to November) according to the Hindu calendar. Govardhan Puja is regarded as one of the most important festivals in all parts of India. It is also popularly known as Annakut.
One of the most widely accepted legends is associated with Krishna lifting mount Govardhan. It is believed that people of Vrindavan It is an important Hindu pilgrimage site where Krishna spent his childhood days. Mathura- It is a city in North Indian State, Uttar Pradesh, known for being the birthplace of Krishnaused to celebrate a festival in honor of their king Indra, the king of gods and the heaven. People were supposed to offer their prayers and pay respect to the deity for providing them with rains which were essential for their agriculture. However, Indra became very proud of his position as the king and considered himself as the ruler and true master of the whole world. Krishna was able to sense it very quickly and came up with a plan to make Indra realize about his true position. He told everyone in Vrindavana to start celebrating and worshipping mount Govardhan instead of Indra. He made them believe that it was actually Govardhan who provided the people with its fertile soil for agriculture and abundant grass for their cows and bulls to graze which helped them to obtain plenty of milk and also to plough the lands. Upon listening to his arguments the people agreed and decided to worship and offer prayers to Govardhan instead of Indra on the day of that particular festivity. This made Indra very upset and, enraged with fury, he decided to make the people of Vrindavana pay the price for their disrespect towards him. He wanted them to worship him as their true master. As a result he started to punish them with massive thunderstorms and torrential rains. This created a lot of trouble for the residents of Vrindavana. Assessing the situation Krishna lifted mount Govardhana on his little finger of his left hand and provided shelter to the people under it from the wrath of Indra. This made Indra even angrier and he increased the intensity of his thunderstorms and rains manifold. The people of Vrindavana faced Indra’s rage for a continuity of seven days. Nevertheless, they remained protected under the mount. Realizing his failure, Indra accepted his defeat and surrendered. He came down to Vrindavana from heaven and bowed down before Krishna asking for forgiveness. Indra then came to know that he was a mere servant of the true supreme leader of the world and the purposes for which he was worshipped could be easily achieved by praying the true master.
Another legend for the festival is associated with killing of Bali by VishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,.. and a boon. A king named Bali was a great worshipper of gods and, with time, gained a lot of power. Eventually, his might became unmatchable and he soon became the conqueror of all the kingdoms of the earth as well as the heaven. Nevertheless, his subjects had to face his tyranny and injustice. He used to show off his powers and possessions to everyone by calling up anyone who needed money. In turn, when anyone came to him for help, Bali used to exhibit his entire wealth and materialistic treasures but offered only a pittance and always humiliated and insulted that person. This really upset the people on earth as well as the demigods in heaven. So, in order to help them, Vishnu assumed the form of a dwarf named Vamana. He then, in disguise, came to meet Bali seeking alms. VamanaVamana
In VAMANA Avatar, Vishnu incarnates himself as a dwarf priest... praised Bali a lot about his power and his conquests. As a result Bali, filled with massive ego and pride, told Vamana to ask for anything he desired. On this, Vamana replied that he needed only that much land which he can cover in three strides. This amused Bali as he thought how much land could a dwarf possibly cover and take from him in just three small strides. So, he agreed to his demand and told him to take his three strides. Then Vamana took a very large form. In his first stride he covered the heaven and in the second, he covered the earth. As there was still one more stride to be made by him but no land was left in the world, Bali, being the person of his word, offered Vamana to place his foot on his head as the third stride. At this point of time, Bali had achieved the enlightenment and his massive ego was killed. Thus, Vamana placed his foot on Bali and sent him to hell, the netherworld, thus, ending his tyranny. However, pleased by his action Vishnu told Bali to ask for a boon. It is believed that due to the boon Bali is able to visit the earth from the netherworld on this day.
The worshippers and devotees are supposed to take bath and wear neat and clean clothes on this day. After that they make idols of Govardhan with cow dung and decorate them with flowers, candles, lamps and vermilion. Those who own cows and bulls give baths to them and decorate them with garland, flowers and new clothes. Later at evening people worship the deity by offering milk, rice and various other foods. People then take rounds of the idol and chant mantras in praise of their lord. After that people distribute sweets and eat various delicacies together. They also go outside and light fireworks and crackers.
It is a well known fact that with great power comes a huge ego but the wise choice is to remain humble no matter how much powerful you become. The festival signifies that ego is the main reason for the ultimate failure of even the greatest of beings regardless of them being gods or demigods. One must end all that is evil in one’s life and embrace the true morals. The gist of the festival is very simple – the essence of god is in every entity and people should respect and worship that.