Pithori Amavasya, also known as Pitori Amavas is a festival that occurs on the no moon day in the month of Bhadrapada (August-September), according to Hindu calendar. The term ‘Pithori’ is derived from a word, ‘Pith’, meaning flour. The day is dedicated to Goddess PolerammaPoleramma
Poleramma is a form of Shakti and one of the seven Dravidian sisters worshipped dedicatedly in South India. She also has a brother named Potu Raza. She is a guardian goddess who protects a village. but in earlier 64 different goddesses were worshipped on this day whose idols were made up of ‘Pith’. Women still worship as many goddesses but they need not be made of flour. The festival is a major ritual of Indian states like Karnataka, Orissa, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Mothers observe a fast on this day for a long and healthy life of their children.
Once there a lived a family of seven brothers. They all were married and had kids. All the women wanted to perform the fast of Pithori Amavasya. The first year on Pithori Amavasya, the child of the eldest wife died. Everyone was upset about the death and also about the fact that no one could celebrate any festival or observe a fast for at least a year. Somehow the year passed away and the auspicious day came again but the history repeated itself and another son of the eldest wife died. This kept happening till the next seven years.
In the seventh year, she decided not to share the bad news with anyone as she didn’t want to get scolded and blamed by all. She decided to hide the dead body. She took the body to a temple dedicated to Goddess Poleramma. The goddess was patrolling the village and protecting it from any harm. She went to the lady and asked what her problem was and why was she crying. She narrated her sad tale to the goddess.
Goddess felt very bad and decided to show mercy to her. She asked the lady to sprinkle some turmeric on all places where her sons were buried and on the dead body of the seventh son. She did as she was told and miraculously, all her sons came back to life. When she went back to home, everyone was amazed. She told them about the goddess and how she made her dead children, alive again. Since then every mother in that village started performing the fast for the safety of their children.
The goddesses who are worshipped are offered various dishes made up of flour like Thaligalu Paravannam and Billa Kudumulu. The earlier item is prepared for the welfare of the male children and the latter is prepared for the welfare of the daughters of the house. Mothers tie a sacred thread on the wrists of their children after listening to the above mentioned story and seek a long and healthy life for them.
In various places, the ritual of Pitru Tharpanam is also performed on the day. People pay homage to the dead ancestors and pray for their peace and peaceful stay in Pitru Lok. Ghats of sacred rivers like GangaGanga
According to Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu in one of....
and Yamuna, are filled with people who believe that performing Pitru Tharpanam on this day can prove very meritorious.