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Pola
 

About 2015 Pola

Pola- A Festival Dedicated to Animals 
13th September 2015 (Sunday)
 
 
Pola, also known as Bail (bullock) Pola, is a festival for Marathi community celebrated on the new moon day in the month of Bhadrapada (August-September), according to the Hindu calendar. It is an agricultural festival as bulls, who work very hard in the fields and help the farmers to earn their living are worshipped. It is the day to show gratitude towards the animals who selflessly provide service to mankind.
 
Rituals
 
People bring in bulls and oxen in an open area and then wash them up. Turmeric paste and oil is also applied on their body as a custom. They are then decorated with colors and flowers. Their horns become a place to show artistic skills and are colorfully painted. Beautiful ornaments like brass bells are offered to them. Some people also offer beautiful shawls and put them on their bodies. People pray to them and perform Puja It is a prayer ritual performed to make offerings, honoring, evoking or worshipping gods. The ceremony can also be performed to pay homage to the beloved ones who are deadas to keep them healthy and gain their help throughout their lives. They are then offered a variety of food which includes Puran Poli, Karanji It is a fried, sweet dumpling which is made of wheat flour which wraps the content of the dish. Dry fruits and graded coconut are stuffed into it. The dish is relished by the people of Maharashtra, Orissa, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.and a dish made up of five vegetables. They rest for the day as they are not given any work on the fields. The ropes which are used to tie them or keep them in control are removed from their nostrils, letting them move freely.
 
A huge processions is carried around with decorated animals and people playing drums. The first one to walk into the parade is the oldest bullock of all and as a sign of the superiority, a wooden frame is tied on its horn. Two posts are placed at a distance and a rope decorated with mango leaves are tied between the two. The oldest bullock is made to break the rope to start the procession and other cattle follow him.
 
In some places the festival is celebrated for two days as Bada (bigger) Pola and as the Chota (smaller) Pola. All the above mentioned activities are done on the Bada Pola. On the Chota Pola (the day before), children carry toy bullocks in their hand and visit as many houses as they can to collect gifts or money.
Significance
 
According to Hindu culture, every living being should be respected and as animals help us in our day to day routine, Pola should be celebrated to mark respect of cattle. Though bulls carry burden but should be treated with utmost dignity. The festival also marks the social status of various farmers. He who has maximum number of bulls is considered the richest in the community.
 
 

 


 


 
 
 

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