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Balarama
 
 

About Balarama

Balarama is considered to be the joint incarnation of Vishnu, along with Krishna. BalaramaBalaramaBalarama
Balarama is considered to be the joint incarnation of Vishnu, along with Krishna...
is a compound of two Sanskrit words, in which ‘Bala’ means strength and ‘Rama’ is another incarnation of Vishnu. Another meaning of the name is ‘Rama with a plough’ and earlier he was believed to be an agricultural deity, associated with fertility. He is also known for his love of wine. He was the elder brother of KrishnaKrishnaKrishna
It is described that there are three aspects of the Supreme that must...
who came on the earth to kill demons and restore peace and order. He is the epitome of strength who was an obedient son, and ideal brother and a great teacher. He was also a loyal husband who was married to a princess named Revati with whom who he had two sons named Nistha and Ulmuka. At times he is also considered as a human incarnation of Shesha.

Legend of Birth

Kansa, the tyrant ruler of Mathura, was destined to be killed by the eighth son of his own sister. He, thus, imprisoned his sister DevakiDevakiDevaki
In Hinduism, Devaki is the wife of Vasudeva and mother of Krishna. She was the mother of the Devas. Devaki and Vasudeva were imprisoned by her brother, Kamsa or Kansa...
along with her husband and killed each of their child. VishnuVishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,..
then took two hair, one black and one white, from his head and impregnated the belly of Devaki. He knew that Kansa would kill the children thus he transferred the essence of Balarama into the womb of Rohini, another lady desiring to be a mother. After a while both the brothers were united and grew up in a cowherd’s family.

Balarama killed another demon named Dhenuka along with Krishna and stayed with his brother till the end of Kansa.

Depiction and Characteristics

Balarama was born out of the white hair of Vishnu, thus his complexion was fair in comparison to Krishna’s blue skin who was born out of the black hair. Earlier he was depicted with a plowshare in his hand and a pestle in another. A snake canopy was also presented above his head but no a days he is depicted with a plough in one hand and mace in another. He is dressed in blue garments and is heavily ornamented with gold jewelry. He is also offered a garland of flowers and his hair are usually tied in a topknot.

He is silent, sober and simple but at times he has a fiery temper at times. He has fair, smooth hair and a strong built.

Balarama’s Role in Mahabharata


Balarama taught the art of mace fighting to both Duryodhana, a Kaurava and Bhima, a Pandava. But Balarama was in favor of Duryodhana, like Krishna favored the Pandavas. He even wanted his sister Subhadra to marry Duryodhana but Krishna intervened and helped her in eloping with Arjuna. Balaram also wanted his daughter named Vatsala to marry Duryodhana’s son named LakshmanLakshmanLakshman
Lakshmana is a Hindu deity and is the younger brother of Rama....
but this time also Krishna had other plans in his mind. He asked Bhima’s son named Ghatotkacha to help Vatsala run away with Abhimanyu, Arjuna’s son.

Another important incident was when Bhima hit Duryodhana on his thigh (below the waist line) which was against the rules of the war. Balarama got really furious on this event and wanted to kill Bhima to which Krishna responded that it was destined as Duryodhana insulted DraupadiDraupadiDraupadi
Draupadi (Wife of Five Pandavas), also known as Krishna, because of her dark complexion, is the daughter of Drupada...
by asking her to sit on his thigh in front of the complete assembly of the elder members of their clan. Balarama forgave Bhima as he trusted his younger brother and his concept of justice.

Temples

The most famous temple dedicated to him, his brother Krishna and their sister Subhadra is located in Puri, Odisha. The other temples are also located in various parts of Odisha and they are Baladevjew temple in district Kendrapara, Ananta VasudevaVasudevaVasudeva
Vasudeva, in Hindu mythology, the patronymic of the deity Krishna, who, according to one tradition, was a son of Vasudeva. The worshipers of Vasudeva, or Krishna, formed one...
temple in Bhubaneswar and Baladev temple in district Ganjam



 
 

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