Chitragupta- The One Rich in Secrets
Chitragupta is a Hindu deity known for his responsibility of keeping records for every deed done by every human being in the universe. He decides whether the actions done by the humans give them a place in heaven or hell. Hindu mythology is based on the life cycle involving rebirth and only if a person maintains the balance between good and bad deeds and surpasses the life cycle, he becomes eligible to attain salvation. This precisely is the duty of Chitragupta, to create log and judge the lives of individuals.
Chitragupta and Brahma
Chitragupta is the son of Lord BrahmaBrahma
According to Hinduism, the whole creation is the work of Trimurti (the Hindu Trinity)... (one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus, also known as the Creator), his seventeenth creation. YamaYama
Also known as Yamaraja, Yama is the controller of the hell (Naraka)..., the God of Death, was unable to manage so many dead souls and punish and reward them accordingly. At times, he made a wrong decisions based on the numerous souls he had to judge every day. He then prayed to Brahma for help.
Brahma asked Surya, the Sun God to take care of the universe for some time, till he came up with a solution. Brahma then meditated for 11,000 years and thus ChitraguptaChitragupta
Chitragupta is a Hindu deity known for his responsibility... was born through Brahma’s body and mind. He was born with a pen and paper in his hand and was brilliant in keeping records. Not even a single deed could go unregistered. He is also referred as the first being who used letters.
As he was conceived in secrecy, away from all the Gods, he was named Chitragupta (hidden picture). Chitragupta was married twice (Dakshina Nandini, Erawati Shobhawati) and had twelve children in all.
Brahma created the whole universe and when he made mankind, he divided them in four castes, known as Brahmins It is one of the caste of Hindus. They are known for their knowledge of ancient, sacred scriptures(the learned), Kshatriyas (the warriors), Vaishyas (the farmers and cattle breeders) and Shudras (the servers). When Chitragupta was born, he was made the deity of a sub caste of Kshatriyas named Kayastha (born from kaya, body, just like Chitragupta). Kayastha is a Hindu community who were traditionally the keepers of records and public accounts, thus imitating the role of Chitragupta on human level.
Because of their administering skills, Kayastha are mainly accountants, assistants and royal officials. They believe in world peace, justice, knowledge and literacy. The community tries to attain the virtues set by their deity. They raise voice against the social injustice and sincerity and hard work is always put on the high pedestal.
Chitragupta Puja It is a prayer ritual performed to make offerings, honoring, evoking or worshipping gods. The ceremony can also be performed to pay homage to the beloved ones who are dead(way of worshipping)
It is also known as Dawat (inkpot) puja as it stands for knowledge. Books and pens are also placed in the temple while performing the puja. Other items to be included are honey, jiggery, plate made of leaves, yogurt, vermilion, brass utensil, betel nut and sandalwood paste.
The place of worshiped should be cleaned and few sweets should be prepared. A Swastika It is a Hindu symbol which is usually made with rice and vermillion before starting nay big event or ceremony as it is considered auspicious. It represents the God and universal energy or Shakti. Four lines are used to make this mark and the four lines represents the four direction and Purushartha- the objects of human pursuit, which are natural order, wealth, desire and liberation.(an equilateral cross with its four legs bent at 90 degrees) should be drawn on the ground. Chitragupta’s idol is bathed in water and then a mark with vermilion is made on the forehead. An earthen lamp is lit up and books and other stationary items and kept in front of the idol. People then chant or write the Mantra A group of sacred words chanted in order to gain something, be it materialistic pleasures or peaceful mind(sacred words) in his name and offer flowers.
After the puja takes places, sweets are distributed as Prasad It is the sacred food that is distributed after an auspicious event or day after offering it to the Gods(sacred food) and the paper on which mantra was written is submerged in clean water body like lake or river.
There are numerous temples attributed to his name. Chitragupta Mahadeva Devalayam is situated in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh and Bhatnagar Sabha in Udaipur, Rajasthan. Three temples named as Chitragupta ji Maharaj temple are situated in three districts of Bihar, Hajipur, Raxaul and Mazaffarpur.