Danu - The Mother of Danavas
Danu means ‘’the flowing one’. According to Rig Veda (earliest Indian sacred text on Hinduism), DanuDanu
Danu means ‘’the flowing one’. According to Rig Veda (earliest Indian sacred text on Hinduism)... is the Goddess of seas. She is connected with the water of heavens and also with the primordial waters that covered the face of earth before the creation started. This gives her the power of creation. She is considered to be the principle of birth and beginnings and also becomes a source of generation and fertility. Danu is also connected to any flowing liquid and associated with rivers and other water bodies. She is believed to be as formless as water itself. Many rivers like Danube, Don etc., gain their name from this Goddess. She is considered both warm like sun and dark and cold like winters. She is all encompassing.
Danu and the Vedic creation Myth
The name of Danu appears to be in the most popular story in Hindu mythology, Samundra manthan, i.e., the churning of the ocean. It was a competition between Devas (deities) and Asuras (demons) to gain the supremacy and control over the universe. The competition took place in the primordial waters which in its unrefined state is chaotic, formless and overwhelming. Creation takes place when such water is tamed and refined and with her comes wisdom, enlightenment, knowledge and illumination which was gained by both deities and demons when the competition ended.
Danu Goddess and Mother
Danu was the mother of a complete race named Danavas, fathered by a sage named Kashyapa. She was the daughter of a Prajapati (a group of Hindu deities responsible for procreation and known as protectors of life), named DakshaDaksha
Brahma, the creator of the universe, created Daksha from his right thumb.... Many of her sisters like Aditi, Diti, Kadru, She is the wife of the sage Kashyap and a daughter of king Daksha. She was the mother of thousand serpents and was a rival of her sister, Vinita Ida, Muni etc., were married to the same sage.
Danavas were a superhuman beings who were wise, artful and knew secrets of magic but mostly used their powers in destructive activities. They sided with the evils but looked like beautiful humans. They live for more than 100 thousand years but are not immortals like the sons of Aditi, called Adityas. They have more in common with sons of Diti, called Datiyas.
She is also identified as the mother of Vrtra, a demonic serpent. He was the personification of drought and thus the opposition of Indra, the God of thunder, rain and lightning. He kept the waters of the world captive, and was unlike his compassionate mother. He was attacked and killed by Indra through a thunderbolt, thus saving the world from drought.
There is a very contradicting appeal to the story of Danu. Though her name appears at many places in the Vedic texts, there is no image or narrative of her that survives. Also she reared a race of demons, but she herself is known for her skills of bestowing luck and good wishes. She is prayed to by people (pirates or treasure hunters) trying to find treasures in sea and oceans. She is also known for her matriarchal strength and spiritual guidance. Any water stone is associated with her and colors green, blue, silver and black are attributed to her name.