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    Devasena
     
     

    About Devasena

    Devasena- Consort of Murugan

    Devasena is the daughter of Indra and his wife, Shachi. She was raised by Indra’s divine elephant. She is also known as Deivanai or Deivayanai which means ‘one who was brought up by a celestial elephant’. In many South-Indian sacred texts, she is also known as Theivanai.

    Marriage

    Devasena was married to MuruganMuruganMurugan
    Murugan, also known as Kumaran, is a Hindu deity and son of Shiva and Parvati. He is regarded as the commander- in-chief of the army of the gods.
    as soon as he becomes the commander-in-chief of Gods. A temple named Thirupparamkunram Murugan temple, situated in Madurai (Tamil Nadu) is considered their marriage site. She is worshipped in this temple along with her husband and Valli, the second wife of Murugan.  It is believed that in their previous birth they both were sisters named Sundaravalli and Amirthavalli. They both prayed to their father VishnuVishnuVishnu
    Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,..
    to get them a husband who never gets angry and is strong enough to protect them from all the problems. Vishnu asked them to perform penance through which they could get a boon of marrying Murugan. After years of strict penance, Murugan visited them and promised that he would marry both of them in their next birth when Amirthavalli will be born as DevasenaDevasenaDevasena
    Devasena is the daughter of Indra and his wife, Shachi...
    and Sundaravalli will be born as Valli. Thus both of them are considered complete when worshipped together. Devasena is depicted as an antithesis of ValliValliValli
    Though the term Valli means a creeper or a winding plat, in relation to this...
    and only together, they form a complete whole and complete Murugan too. Devasena’s marriage to Murugan is considered to be an arranged one whereas his marriage to Valli was a love marriage but they both are considered his soul.

    Depiction

    Devasena is often depicted with her husband and co-wife. She sits on the left thigh of her consort and he holds her by her waist. Even if presented standing, she stands on the left side of Murugan. She is depicted in yellow complexion and is ornamented with lots of jewelry. A crown is also placed on her head and a heavy garland made of flowers is always offered to her. She is a two-armed Goddess who holds a lotus in one and her right hand just hangs down. She is presented in a traditional red-golden Sari. A type of an Indian dress

    Symbolism

    Devasena represents Shaiva The title ‘Shaiva is bestowed on the devotees of Shivasects who believe that the relation of a soul to its God is an independent one. Soul has its own identity and it has to earn the love of God based on its merits. Similarly Devasena had to earn the love of her husband as it was an arrange marriage. She represents a conventional and ritualized love to God. She is the epitome of purity and chastity. She is the stable form of love.

    Legends of Rivalry

    Though in most of the Tamil literature, Devasena and Valli are presented as two parts of one whole, some texts depicts them as rivals. Paripatal  describe the conflicts between the two where a war took place between the celestial army of Devasena and the clan of Valli. According to one version, Devsena was the elder sister of Valli who was destined to marry Murugan but Valli fell in love with him and tried to woo him. Devasena was infuriated and cursed Valli that she would be born as an earthly being. She thus was born as a huntress in her next life.
     



     
     

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