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    Dyaus Pita
     
     

    About Dyaus Pita

    Dyaus Pitra - Sky God

    According to Rig Veda (a collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns) Dyaus Pitra is an ancient sky god. ‘Dyaus’ means sky and ‘pitra’ means father thus literally making him the sky father. He is the husband of Prithvi (Mother Earth) and father of many chief deities like Agni (fire), Ratri (night), Indra (Thunder), Varuna (water), Surya (sun) etc.

    Dyaus Pitra’s Appearance

    He is seen in two different forms. In one form he is a ferocious bull which is red in color and who is roaring like a thunder. His another form is very gentle. He is the night, decorated with stars that look like pearls.

    Dyaus Pitra and Prithvi

    In Rig Veda this couple had been mentioned only couple of times. Dyaus Pitra remains a marginal figure and the hymns are written on his sons and daughters. Like Lord ShivaShivaShiva
    Shiva is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindu Trinity that ...
    (the destroyer and recycler) and Goddess ParvatiParvatiParvati
    After the death of Shiva's first love Sati, Shiva...
    (the deity of fertility and love) the duo is complementary to each other. They are incomplete without the presence of another and are worshipped together. The duo indicates the concept of complementary half-shells i.e., everything in the world exists in binary form. It is believed that originally the duo was actually a single deity named Dyavaprithivi, meaning heaven and earth. They are also considered the bringers of divine order. This name occurs 65 times in Rig Veda. Prithvi is associated with cow whereas Dyaus Pitra is symbolized with a bull. Prithvi is also the supporter and upholds all the creation of Dyaus Pitra.

    Words like energetic, wise and promoter of righteousness are used to describe the duo. They are believed to be the creator of all creatures. Together they hold the center of the world

    Worshippers and their Wishes

    Devotees who pray to Dyaus Pitra are presented with lavish gifts as he is associated with wealth and power. The duo have inexhaustible supply of gems and bless people with riches. They also protects people from danger and forgive their sins and give them happiness. The duo also blesses couples with fertility and nourishment. They strengthen relationships and bestow people with long and healthy life. Also the charnamrit (holy water) given in their name is believed to have fulfilling and nourishing qualities. Water spread with their name on land makes the land fertile.

    Dyaus Pitra and Indra


    It is believed that Indra did not get along well with his father and planned to take away his throne. He was full of pride and wanted the complete heaven for himself. He killed his father by grabbing his leg and pulling him down from the sky. This fall became the reason of his death. He is also compared to the Greek God named Zeus for the same reason, as Zeus was also the Sky God and was dethroned by his own son.

    The Forgotten Deity

    After 19th century, people replaced Dyaus PitaDyaus PitaDyaus Pita
    According to Rig Veda (a collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns) Dyaus Pitra...
    with Indra and started praying to the son rather than father. Though Prithvi survived the end of Vedic period (1750-500 BCE), Dyaus Pitra didn’t and was soon a forgotten deity.
     




     
     

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