Jagaddhatri - Protector of the World
Goddess Durga is known to almost everyone who follows Hinduism but very few people are aware of another form of Mother Durga named Jagaddhatri. She is the Supreme Goddess who stands for her name. In Sanskrit and Bengali, ‘Jagat’ means world whereas ‘dhatri’ means holder. It is believed that the world is held together in her palms and without her the world will fall apart. She is most dedicatedly worshipped in West Bengal. Devotees organize Puja It is a prayer ritual performed to make offerings, honoring, evoking or worshipping gods. The ceremony can also be performed to pay homage to the beloved ones who are dead(people sing and dance in her name) for her, similar to Durga Puja.
When Mahishasur (an evil demon) was defeated, all Devatas (deities) felt pride and were full of ego. Bhrahma (the creator of the universe) to teach them a lesson, gave them a small grass and asked Devatas to show their powers. No one could either burn or sway it from its place thus reminding them that they are not all powerful and it is there protecting mother, JagaddhatriJagaddhatri
Goddess Durga is known to almost everyone who follows Hinduism but very... that controls the entire creation and not even a single grass can be harmed without her permission.
Jagaddhatri symbolizes sattva which means purity and she is known to take away all the evil from the face of the earth, be it diseases or impurities in a man’s life, she cleanses the body and soul of her devotees. Her image is a very captivating one and is always depicted in the color of the morning sun. The orange color is the symbol of sacrifice and the burning of evil deeds and ego. She has three eyes which stand for the moon, the sun and fire symbolizing desire, action and knowledge respectively and because of this she is also known as ‘Triyambake’.
Jagaddhatri’s vehicle, like Goddess Durga is lion and it is the symbol of power, strength, will and determination. When a devotee is able to gain all these qualities, he is believed to have overcome his ego. She also possesses four arms, holding conch, bow, arrow and chakra (a circle-shaped instrument) in each hand. Conch symbolizes God in the form of sound, ‘Om’, bow and arrow stands for sheer energy and her control over the world and chakra is used to destroy evil. She is dressed in red Sari A type of an Indian dressand jewellery and is decorated with kumkum (a red color powder) and kajal (kohl). Some of her other names are Karindrasuranisudini, which means the slayer of the Elephant Demon and Maheswari which means the Great Goddess.
Jagaddhatri Puja and Mela (carnival)
According to Ramkrishna Mission (a religious organization with Vivekananda as the chief Guru), it was Sarada Devi who started Jagaddhatri Puja. She was not only the wife of Sri Ramakrishna but also believed to be an incarnation of Devi (Goddess) who was sent to earth to make people spiritually enlightebned. In Odisha the biggest Mela of Baripada (a place in Odisha) is set in the name of Jagaddhatri. The carnival goes on for 8 to 15 days and attracts tourists from all over the world. People sing, dance and enraptured in her name.