Saptarishis (seven great sages) are regarded as the patriarchs of the Vedas Four ancient texts constituting the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduism(sacred scriptures on Hinduism). JamadagniJamadagni
Saptarishis (seven great sages) are regarded as the patriarchs of the Vedas... was one of the Saptarishis, who was influential in the society and was respected for his knowledge about Vedas. He also had the ability to bring back people from dead. He was an illustrious sage who had performed various Tapasya (penance) and had attained the sacred cow Kamadhenu, who was the miraculous “cow of plenty” and could fulfill all the desires of the owner.
Legend of Birth
Jamdagni was born in the BhriguBhrigu
Bhrigu was one of the seven great sages known as Saptarishis and was created... (another Saptarishi, created by BrahmaBrahma
According to Hinduism, the whole creation is the work of Trimurti (the Hindu Trinity)..., The Creator of the Universe) dynasty named Trichik. He was the son of sage Richika and princess Satyavathi. When Satyavati desired to have a child, Richika through his divine powers made a divine rice pudding which was filled with brahminic energies which would result in a Brahman (the upper most and pure caste according to Hinduism) boy, intellectual and learned. Satyavathi’s mother, Gadhi, did not have a son of her own and Satyavathi asked her husband to help her mother to attain one. He then prepared one more divine rice pudding but with the qualities of Kshatriya, the warrior clan’s energies). Gadhi was suspicious that Richika would keep the better son for himself, and thus she exchanged the pudding. The exchange resulted in Satyavathi’s son Jamadgani who was a Brhaminic warrior and Gandhi's son who was a Kshatriya priest.
Legend of Renuka
Jamadagni was married to a beautiful princess named Renuka, who was known for her chastity and devotion to her husband. She had rejected all the pleasures of a princess and started living an ascetic life. So strong was her devotion and purity that she could fetch water in a pot made of unbaked clay. The pot was held together only by her strong devotion to her husband. She had five sons named Rukmavan, Sukhen, Vasu, Vishwavanas and Parshuram.
One day she saw a king playing with his wives in the water and for a second she had the desire of having a young husband so that she could enjoy such life. But that second filled with desire made her impure, and she couldn’t get water in an unbaked pot anymore as the clay dissolved. She was afraid to go back and even thought of killing herself but then she realized that the ownership of her mind, body, soul and heart was with Jamdagni.
Jamdagni from his powers understood all that had happened. He was furious, and one by one asked his sons to behead their mother. Filled with maternal love, they denied doing so. Jamdagni turned them into a statue of stones. He finally asked his youngest son Parashurama, incarnation of Lord VishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,.. (one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus, also known as the Preserver) and he agreed to fulfill his father’s wish and killed his mother. Proud of his son’s dedication, Jamdagni gave his son two wishes which will be granted. From the first, Parashurama asked his father to give his mother her life back and from the second he wanted his brothers to come alive and not be statues of stones anymore. Jamdagni was impressed by his son’s duties and righteousness, and he granted his requests. RenukaRenuka
Renuka is a Sanskrit word meaning fine grains of sand. She is also known as Yellamma, Mariamman and Ekvira.... and her sons came back to life with no memory of their death, as if they had woken up from a deep sleep.
Death of Jamdagni
A king Kartavirya Arjun visited Jamdagni and wanted to take away his Kamadhenu cow. Disagreeing with his request, Jamdagni was beheaded. When Parashurama saw his dead father, he enacted a genocide and killed twenty-one generations of the king. He wiped out complete Kshatriya’s caste from the earth.