Katyayani – The Warrior Goddess
Katyayani is the sixth among the Navadurga – the nine supreme forms of Devi. She is regarded as one of the fiercest forms of Shakti. However, she is still considered a beautiful and charismatic form of Devi, who protects and blesses people. She is not only one of the major goddesses of Hindus, but there are many Buddhist and Jain textual references to her as well. She is one of the very rare goddesses whose texts and scriptures belong to the primordial era. She is worshipped all over the world with great zeal and passion.
Katyayani is often depicted as a very beautiful but at the same time a fierce looking woman with three eyes. She is portrayed to have four hands. In her left hands, she holds a sword and a lotus flower. She makes gestures of providing boons and protection to her devotees with her right hands.
One of the most famous legends associated with KatyayaniKatyayani
Katyayani is the sixth among the Navadurga – the nine supreme forms of Devi... states that once upon a time the world was trembling with the terror of the demons. Mahishasura, the king of the demons, spread havoc and chaos all around the world along with his followers Chanda and Munda. He defeated many gods and demigods and, thus, the whole world faced a great imbalance. All the gods and demigods approached BrahmaBrahma
According to Hinduism, the whole creation is the work of Trimurti (the Hindu Trinity)..., VishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,.. and ShivaShiva
Shiva is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindu Trinity that ... for help. Upon this, the three supreme deities concentrated together and started emitting rays and flames from their eyes. Their energies merged, and a beautiful woman with the radiance of a thousand suns, three eyes and long black hair was born. Many gods came there and bestowed upon the goddess several gifts like trident, sword, discus, water pot, rosary, axe, thunderbolt, mace, bow and arrows, etc. They named the form of Devi as Katyayani. Later, Chanda and Munda saw Katyayani and were mesmerized by her beauty and charisma. They told about the goddess to their king Mahishasura. Mahishasura He was a demon who had the power to transform into a buffalo at will. He was blessed by Brahma that no man could kill him. He wanted to take over the heaven and conquer the universe. Durga failed him in his attempt by fighting and killing him. According to some legends, he is believed to be a great devotee of Durga, who played her enemy on her request as she wanted to teach the value of heaven to various Godsthen told them to convey a message to her. Chanda and Munda then approached Katyayani and told her that their king Mahishasura wanted to marry her. To this Katyayani replied that she had no objection to it, but there was just one problem. She told them that she had made a vow to herself that only the one who would be able to defeat her in a battle will be her husband. When Chanda and Munda told Mahishasura about it, he was infuriated. This made him hell bent to do anything to defeat her. Soon he approached Katyayani with his army. Katyayani then assumes her true warrior form and started fighting the demons. She then got up from her lion and crushed Mahishasura on the ground with her feet. Thus, she freed the world from the tyranny and terror of the demons and brought joy and happiness to the gods, demigods and all the living beings of the world.
Another legend states that there was a very wise and religious sage called Katyayana Rishi. He performed penance and offered prayers to the gods. Eventually, he was gifted with a daughter who was a form of Shakti. Hence, she was named Katyayani which literally mean “daughter of Katyayana”.
Worship and Beliefs
Katyayani is regarded as the goddess who helps her devotees and worshippers in fighting all the diseases, fears and sorrows. It is believed that if women observe fasts and worship the goddess, they are blessed with a suitable husband for them, and also she removes any hurdles and obstacles in their marriage. Navaratri is one of the most important festivals associated with the goddess, especially, the sixth day. Katyayani symbolizes strength, courage, knowledge, justice and victory of good over evil.