Khodiyar - The Tutelary Goddess
Khodiyar, also popularly known as Janbai and Trishuldhari, is a Hindu goddess who was born as a daughter of Mamaniya Gadhvi. She is believed to be a form of Shiva’s blessing. KhodiyarKhodiyar
Khodiyar, also popularly known as Janbai and Trishuldhari... is regarded as the protector of the family and is worshipped by people all over the world to gain her blessing and protection. She is one of the most important and popular goddesses of Rajasthan, Gujarat and Maharashtra.
Khodiyar is generally depicted as a beautiful young woman with a trident in her hand. With her other hand, she assumes the gesture of protecting and blessing her devotees. She is generally portrayed along with her seven sisters and her brother. She is always depicted seated on her vehicle that is a crocodile. The goddess is shown wearing a beautiful dress and is adorned with jewels, ornaments and flowers.
There are many religious texts and scriptures that state that once upon a time there was a king called maharaja shilbhadra. He was the ruler of the Vallabhipur province. His best friend was Mamaniya Gadhvi. There bond was hated by many. The council ministers too were not fond of their friendship but they couldn’t dare anything to the king themselves thus they complained to the king’s wife. The councilors told the queen that Mamaniya and his wife were infertile and couldn’t have a baby. The wife became superstitious and started considered him unlucky and thus advised her husband to stay away from Mamaniya. Initially the king didn’t give up on his wife’s requests but later on he had to do as told.
He had great friendly relations with Mamaniya Gadhvi, who was a great scholar. However, the court members and ministers of the king did not like the king’s friendship with a common man. They tried to persuade a lot to the king to end his friendship with Mamaniya Gadhvi, but the king did not listen to them as according to him, a man should be treated by his acts and wisdom, not just by his wealth. However, the ministers were successfully able to persuade his queen. One day when Mamaniya Gadhvi was about to enter the palace to meet the king, the doormen stopped him and told him to go away. When he asked them why he was not allowed to enter the palace, they replied that a childless man is not worthy of the company of the king. Everyone humiliated him, and he left the palace with a broken heart. On his way back to home, he stopped and pleaded to ShivaShiva
Shiva is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindu Trinity that ... for help. He prayed to him for a while but when Shiva did not appear, he decided to end his life as a sacrifice. However, just when Mamaniya Gadhvi was about to kill himself, Shiva appeared and stopped him. Shiva then took him to Nagalok and made him meet Nagadeva, the King of Nagas.
When Mamaniya Gadhvi narrated the whole incident of his humiliation everyone including Nagadeva’s daughters decided to help him. Nagadeva then told Mamaniya Gadhvi to go back to his home and gave him some instructions. Mamaniya Gadhvi then went back to his home. He made some preparations, as suggested by Nagadeva, along with his wife, Minalde Gadhvi. They prepared eight cradles and started praying. After some time, eight snakes crawled into the cradles and assumed form of babies. As such, Mamaniya Gadhvi and Minalde Gadhvi had seven daughters and a son. Khodiyar is believed to be one of the daughters among them. It is believed that Khodiyar performed many miraculous and benevolent acts and helped the mankind during some times. With time, she became popular as a goddess and was worshipped by everyone all over the world.
Beliefs and Significance
Khodiyar is believed to be the Kuldevi of many communities, clans and tribes of India. There are many temples of Khodiyar all over India. However, the four most important temples that are considered as her shrines are at Rajpura village near Bhavnagar, Galdhare, Matel near Wankaner and Daathaniya. Khodiyar is believed to be the ruler of heart and mind as well as land and water. That is why she has a crocodile, an amphibian animal, as her vehicle. Khodiyar is regarded as the goddess of generosity, protection, benevolence and enlightenment.