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    Kurma
     
     

    About Kurma

    Kurma – The Pivotal Supporter

    Kurma, also popularly known as Koroma, is a Hindu deity who is regarded as the second incarnation of Vishnu. The incarnation of the deity is believed to have appeared in the Satya Yuga. It is also known as the Age of Truth. It is the age when humanity and morality governs the society and every action is performed with intrinsic goodness. It is believed that in this age, umanityis governed by Gods The name KurmaKurmaKurma
    Kurma, also popularly known as Koroma, is a Hindu deity who is regarded as the second...
    in Sanskrit literally translates to “tortoise”. There are many Vedic texts and other religious scriptures associated with the deity, which have been found in many parts of the world.

    Depiction

    Kurma is generally depicted as a human with the body of a tortoise. The deity is shown to have either a dark or a golden complexion. Kurma is portrayed to have four hands. He holds a shell and a discus in his two hands and assumes the gestures of Abhaya and Varada Mudra with the other two. He is generally shown to bear the holy symbol of Swastika, It is a Hindu symbol which is usually made with rice and vermillion before starting nay big event or ceremony as it is considered auspicious. It represents the God and universal energy or Shakti. Four lines are used to make this mark and the four lines represents the four direction and Purushartha- the objects of human pursuit, which are natural order, wealth, desire and liberation. which represents fortune and well-being. Sometimes he is shown accompanied by his consort LakshmiLakshmiLakshmi
    Lakshmi is a Hindu goddess who is regarded as the ultimate deity of wealth...
    .

    Legends

    It is believed that Indra, the king of gods, had become very arrogant and proud because of his position. He left no occasion to show off his power and considered himself above all. One day, he went out of his kingdom on his favorite elephant Airavata. Airavata was a beautiful, four-tusked, special, white colored elephant that Indra was very proud of. On his way, he met sage Durvasa. Durvasa was a very powerful sage who had a great influence on all beings including gods and was known to get angry very quickly. And as such, everyone respected him and talked to him very carefully. Durvasa was carrying a garland of flowers which never withered away and had great fragrance. He thought of presenting the same to Indra. When Indra encountered Durvasa, intoxicated by his pride, he did not even greet the sage properly and treated him very casually, without much respect. This, however, did not infuriate Durvasa, and he gifted the garland to Indra. Indra, in a very careless manner, took the garland and put it on the head of Airavata. The fragrance of the flowers of the garland was so strong that the elephant could not bear it, and Airavata threw the garland down to the ground. This enraged Durvasa and his eyes became red filled with anger. Indra suddenly realized what the sage could do, and he immediately came down from his elephant and pleaded to Durvasa not to curse him. Durvasa told him that he had apologized only because he knew that he was about to get cursed. Durvasa told Indra that he needs to be taught a lesson, and he cursed that Indra and all the Devas would lose all of their powers and become exhausted. Indra apologized and pleaded to the sage to take away the curse but to no avail.

    All of the Devas soon began to lose their powers and became exhausted. Indra became terrified and worried. At the same time, the Asuras attacked his kingdom, and there was nothing he could do about it as all the Devas including himself had become powerless. Everyone approached BrahmaBrahmaBrahma
    According to Hinduism, the whole creation is the work of Trimurti (the Hindu Trinity)...
    for help, but he told them to visit VishnuVishnuVishnu
    Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,..
    instead. Upon visiting Vishnu, Indra narrated the whole story to him. Vishnu asked Brahma if he should forgive Indra, to which Brahma replied that he should be forgiven as he had learnt his lesson. Vishnu then told them that they should perform churning of the great ocean and that divine nectar would help them. The nectar was called Amrit, and was believed to provide immortality and great power to whoever consumed it. During the SamudraManthan of the great ocean, the serpent king called vasuki He is one of the king serpents, given high privilege in Hindu mythology. He is depicted with a gem on his head. He is the snake of Lord Shiva and the brother of another snake named Manasa. He is the jewel of Shiva and sits around his neck. He was blessed by Shiva and thus given an important status. He was one of the main participants in the churning of the ocean. He was used as the churning rope and his one end was held by the demons and the other by Gods. His face was at the demons side and thus they were affected by his venom. was used as a rope tied around the Mandara Mountain for the churning process. The Asuras and the Devas were churning the ocean by holding the head and tail of the serpent respectively. Both the parties were, in a way, involved in a tug of war to consume the nectar first. Suddenly the mountain began to sink as it had no firm support below or above it. Vishnu then assumed the form of a giant tortoise Kurma and lifted the mountain on his back, thus, supporting it and helping in carrying out the churning process. Ultimately Amrit The term ‘Amrit’ is used for the water or nectar of immortality. The word was used in Rigveda for the nectar which is drunk by Gods to gain immortality. It was one of the outcomes of samudra manthan. There was a curse on gods by Durvasa because of which they started becoming mortal and then they needed this drink for immortality. Later on the water which is given as prasadam to devotees in the temples is also called Amrit as it is believed to be blessed by Gods. It is the holy water which is sweet-tasting. It is consumed in the name of the God. came out of the ocean, and the Devas consumed it and, eventually, defeated the Asuras.

    Worship and Beliefs

    There are many temples of Kurma all across India. However, the three most important temples of the deity are in Kurmai and Srikurmam, both in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh, and Gavirangapura, Karnataka. Though there are no contemporary festivals, rituals or ceremonies associated with the deity, he holds a great significance in Hinduism. Kurma is worshipped and thanked by many people for his pivotal role during the SamudraManthan which brought back the balance of the world and the cosmos. The legend of Kurma reminds us about the very crucial concept of life – one must remain humble no matter how much power one gains. Kurma signifies the creative potential of mankind and the humbleness one must possess in life to succeed.
     



     
     

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