Kushmanda – The Source of the Universe
Kushmanda is a Hindu goddess and is regarded as one of the supreme forms of Devi. The name KushmandaKushmanda
Kushmanda is a Hindu goddess and is regarded as one of the supreme forms of Devi... in Sanskrit translates to “the cosmic egg”. Hence, she is regarded as the ultimate creator of the universe, and even the Tridevi and Trimurti. Kushmanda is considered to be Adi Shakti herself, and also the fourth form of Devi among the DashaMahavidyas. It means “Ten Goddesses” or supreme powers of the world. The 10 Mahavidyas are Wisdom Goddesses, aspects of Parvati (Shakti), who represents a range of feminine divinity, from fearsome goddesses at one end, to the gentle at the other. She is one of the most important and widely worshiped goddesses of the whole world.
Kushmanda is generally depicted as a beautiful woman with a divine smile on her face seated on a lion or a tiger. She has a golden complexion and radiance of that of a sun. She has eight hands, and she holds a sword, trident, mace, bow and arrow, discus, rosary, lotus and a jar containing Amrit The term ‘Amrit’ is used for the water or nectar of immortality. The word was used in Rigveda for the nectar which is drunk by Gods to gain immortality. It was one of the outcomes of samudra manthan. There was a curse on gods by Durvasa because of which they started becoming mortal and then they needed this drink for immortality. Later on the water which is given as prasadam to devotees in the temples is also called Amrit as it is believed to be blessed by Gods. It is the holy water which is sweet-tasting. It is consumed in the name of the God.
in each. She is portrayed to be illuminating the whole world with her radiance and glow.
Legends state that in the very beginning, there was nothing in existence. It was all null and void. Kushmanda was the sole creator of the universe who brought forth the world with just a soft smile. She created the world and scattered light everywhere. With her left eye, she created a fearsome woman with a dark complexion, clad in nothing but space, bones and skulls, bearing various weapons like sword, trident, axe, bow and arrow, mace, etc. The woman looked very ferocious, and Kushmanda named her Mahakali. With her right eye, Kushmanda created a beautiful, benign woman with milky white complexion. She was clad in white clothes and carried weapons like Discus, Trident, etc. and wore a crescent moon on her head. Kushmanda named the woman Mahasaraswati. From her third eye, Kushmanda created a beautiful yet furious woman seated on a lotus wearing a beautiful dress. She also carried various weapons like an axe, trident, thunderbolt, discus, spear, etc. Kushmanda named her Mahalakshmi. After that with the divine powers of Kushmanda, ShivaShiva
Shiva is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindu Trinity that ... and SaraswatiSaraswati
The name Saraswati is a combination of two Sanskrit words... were born from Mahakali; BrahmaBrahma
According to Hinduism, the whole creation is the work of Trimurti (the Hindu Trinity)... and LakshmiLakshmi
Lakshmi is a Hindu goddess who is regarded as the ultimate deity of wealth... were born from Mahalakshmi, and VishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,.. and ParvatiParvati
After the death of Shiva's first love Sati, Shiva... were engendered by Mahasaraswati. Thus, the Tridevi and Trimurti were created by Kushmanda herself. It is believed that Kushmanda resided in the core of the sun. She is believed to be the controller of the solar system and helps in liberating the energy of the sun to the whole world. Surya is, therefore, believed to follow the orders of the goddess and function accordingly.
There are various legends that state that Kushmanda appeared again to protect the world. Once upon a time, there was a powerful demon called Mahishasura, the king of the demons, who spread havoc and chaos all around the world along with his followers Chanda and Munda. He defeated many gods and demigods and, thus, the whole world faced a great imbalance. All the gods and demigods approached Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva for help. Upon this, the three supreme deities concentrated together and started emitting rays and flames from their eyes. Their energies merged and a beautiful woman with the radiance of a thousand suns, three eyes, and long black hair was born. Many gods came there and bestowed upon the goddess several gifts like trident, sword, discus, water pot, rosary, axe, thunderbolt, mace, bow, and arrows, etc. The Devi was none other than Kushmanda herself who had come there to help her devotees. Later, Chanda and Munda saw Kushmanda and were mesmerized by the beauty and charisma of the deity. They informed the same to their king Mahishasura. Mahishasura He was a demon who had the power to transform into a buffalo at will. He was blessed by Brahma that no man could kill him. He wanted to take over the heaven and conquer the universe. Durga failed him in his attempt by fighting and killing him. According to some legends, he is believed to be a great devotee of Durga, who played her enemy on her request as she wanted to teach the value of heaven to various Godsthen gave them orders to convey a message to her. Chanda and Munda then approached Kushmanda and told her that their king Mahishasura wanted to marry her. To this Kushmanda replied that she had no objection to it, but there was just one problem. She told them that she had made a vow to herself that only the one who would be able to defeat her in a battle will be her husband. When Chanda and Munda told Mahishasura about it, he was infuriated. This made him hell bent to do anything to defeat her. Soon he approached Kushmanda with his army. Kushmanda then merged all of her three forms – MahakaliMahakali
Mahakali is the Hindu goddess of time and death. She is the consort of Shiva and regarded as the form of AdiParashakti. Mahakali is considered to be an aspect of Durga, more specifically, anger of Durga., Mahalakshmi, and Mahasaraswati, and assumed her true warrior appearance and started fighting the demons. Eventually, she crushed Mahishasura on the ground with her feet. Thus, she protected the world created by her from the tyranny of the demons.
Worship and Beliefs
There are many temples of Kushmanda all over India where devotees worship the goddess with great devotion and sincerity. Navaratri, especially the fourth day, is regarded as one of the most important festivals associated with the goddess. On this day, people wake up early in the morning, take a bath, wear clean clothes and pray to the goddess for prosperity and well-being. The most ardent followers of Kushmanda observe fast for the whole day and offer prayers to the goddess. One of the most important rituals of the festival is the offering of pumpkin to the goddess as it is believed to please her. It is believed that those who worship the goddess with purity and sincerity are blessed by her and are freed from all types of hurdles, ailments, worries and evils in life. She is the ultimate provider of happiness, joy and prosperity to her devotees and always protects them when they need her. Kushmanda symbolizes the divine light, cosmic energy and everything that is existent in the world signifying that she is the ultimate mother of all the living beings in the universe.