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Lakshman
 
 

About Lakshman

Lakshmana – The Younger Brother

Lakshmana is a Hindu deity and is the younger brother of Rama. He is regarded as one-fourth the manifestation of VishnuVishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,..
and three-fourth the incarnation of Vishnu’s companion Sheshanaga. He is one of the most important and iconic characters of the Hindu epic Ramayana. LakshmanaLakshmanaLakshmana
Lakshmana, also known as Lakshana, is one of the eight chief wives or queens...
is regarded as the most loyal, obedient and idol young brother in whole Hindu mythology. Due to this, he is also popularly known as Ramanuja which in Sanskrit literally means “the younger brother of Rama.” Lakshmana is revered by people all around the world for his pivotal role in the Ramayana and his pure and virtuous personality traits and characteristics.

Depiction

Lakshmana is depicted as a very handsome young man with a fair complexion and is adorned with flowers, garlands, ornaments and a crown. He is shown carrying bow and arrows and assuming the gesture of blessing the people. Lakshmana is always depicted accompanied by Rama, Sita, and HanumanHanumanHanuman
SRI HANUMAN is worshipped everywhere in India, alone...
. Most of the depictions show him standing near the couple who is sitting on the throne of Ayodhya. His brothers BharataBharataBharata
He is also a younger brother of Rama and the son of Kaikeyi. His mother wanted him to be the king of Ayodhya after Dasaratha, thus she forced her husband to put the legal heir to throne, Rama, to exile. Bharat never accepted the throne and waited for his brother to return. He rather placed Rama’s sandals on the throne.
and ShatrughnaShatrughnaShatrughna
Shatrughna was born to the virtuous king of Ayodhya, Dasaratha, and his second wife, Queen Sumitra. Dasharatha's other two wives, Kaushalya and Kaikeyi...
are also shown standing alongside with him. Some of his depictions portray him as a warrior clad in very simple clothes, in the forest with RamaRamaRama
 As of late, in the year 2007, the idea of whether Rama...
and SitaSitaSita
Sita is the most benevolent Goddess, who is known...
while they were on their exile.

Legends

Legends state that when Lakshmana was a son of King Dasharatha of Ayodhya and his queen Sumitra. When Lakshmana was born, he was crying a lot. He kept on crying for a very long time and did not stop. Everyone was confused and approached sage Vashishta for help. Vashishta advised that Lakshmana's cradle should be kept close to Rama for he was not able to bear the separation from his elder brother. SumitraSumitraSumitra
Sumitra in the Indian Ramayana epic, was the third of King Dasaratha's three wives and a queen of Ayodhya. She was the mother of twins Lakshmana and Shatrughna...
then took Lakshmana to the mansion where Rama was present, and placed Lakshmana in a cradle near Rama. As soon as this happened, Lakshmana stopped crying. It became evident to everyone that the bond between the two brothers was very strong. Throughout his life, Lakshmana always stayed close to his brother Rama and always obeyed his orders and teachings. When Rama married Sita, Lakshmana married Sita’s younger sister UrmilaUrmilaUrmila
Urmila is one of the major characters in the Hindu epic Ramayana. She was the daughter of King Janaka of Mithila and Queen Sunayana and the younger sister of Sita. She was the wife of Lakshmana with whom she had two
. According to Ramayana, Dasharatha was tricked into sending Rama on a fourteen-year exile as part of a promise made to KaikeyiKaikeyiKaikeyi
Kaikeyi, one of the major characters of Ramayana, was the mother of Bharata...
, one of his wives. Rama obeyed the orders of his father and prepared to leave. When Rama and Sita were leaving the kingdom, Lakshmana left the kingdom and accompanied them in the forest as well.

During their exile, Lakshmana did not sleep at all and stayed alert and vigilant to protect Rama and Sita. He made a special room for them in a hut built by him in Panchavati Panchavati is a small religious place situated in Nasik. The place was mentioned in Ramayana. The name Panchavati means, ‘a garden of five banyan trees’. It was a forest of Danda kingdom where Rama, Lakshmana and Sita lived during their period of exile. They built their home in this forest and a complete section in Ramayana, named the ‘book of forest’ is based in Panchavati. Ravana’s sister, Surpanakha, tries to kill Sita and Lakshamana cuts Surpanakha’s nose in this very place. One of the famous temple named Kalaram temple is situated here. so that they could sleep properly, even if Rama did not tell him to do anything like that. Once Ravana’s sister Surpanakha saw Rama and was mesmerized by his handsomeness. She told Rama that she wanted to marry him. Upon this Rama replied that he was already married and had no interest in Surpanakha as he was a loyal husband. She then saw Lakshmana and told him that she would marry him. Lakshmana rejected her proposal as well as he was married too. Being rejected by both the brothers infuriated Surpanakha and out of anger, she insulted Sita and ran towards her to attack her. Lakshmana then intervened and cut Surpanakhas’ nose. The event above is believed to be the most important and main reason for the war between Rama and Ravana. When Ravana got to know about what happened with her sister he became hell-bent on taking revenge. He told his uncle MarichiMarichiMarichi
Marichi, also popularly known as Rishi Marichi or Mareechi or Marishi, is one of the greats seven sages known as Saptarishis and is regarded as son of Brahma
to go to Panchavati assume the form of a special deer that would distract the two brothers, and that during that time he would abduct Sita. Marichi unwillingly followed the orders of Ravana and assumed the form of a very special golden deer with gems and silver spots all over its body. When Sita saw the deer, she was fascinated by its beauty and told Rama to go after it. Rama told Lakshmana to take care of Sita during that time. When Rama killed the deer, Marichi cried loudly mimicking the voice of Rama. When Lakshmana and Sita heard the voice, they became very worried. Sita told Lakshmana to leave the hut and look for Rama. But Lakshmana was bound by the orders of his elder brother and told her to wait. When Sita insisted aggressively, Lakshmana had no choice but to go outside and look for Rama. Before leaving, however, he drew a protective perimeter called Lakshmana rekha It was a line drawn by Lakshmana for Sita’s protection in the absence of Rama. Once, Rama went to chase a golden deer and he didn’t return for a long time. Sita was extremely worried and asked Lakshmana to go after him. Lakshmana agrees to do so but on one condition. He drew a protection line and asked Sita to stay inside it. If anyone except Rama, Sita and Lakshmana would try to cross the line, then he would turn into ashes. In the absence of Rama and Lakshmana, Ravana tries to abduct Sita but as he couldn’t cross the line, he cleverly made Sita to do so. around the hut and told Sita to stay inside of it. As soon as Lakshmana left Ravana disguised as a mendicant came to the hut and asked Sita to give alms. He sensed the protection around the hut and was not able to enter inside it. Therefore, he insisted that Sita should come outside of the hut and provide the alms. Sita refused to come out of the hut crossing the Lakshmana Rekha. But after much persuasion by the mendicant, out of respect, she ultimately crossed the Lakshmana Rekha and went near the mendicant. Suddenly, Ravana assumed his true evil form and forcedly took Sita with him to Lanka in his flying chariot. This ultimately led to the demise of Ravana as he was killed by Rama in the battle.

One of the most famous legends that depict the true character of Lakshmana is associated with Yama. Once YamaYamaYama
Also known as Yamaraja, Yama is the controller of the hell (Naraka)...
came to Ayodhya to have a meeting with Rama in private. He said and emphasized that they would meet in a room confidentially and that no person should enter it or else it will lead to the death of that person. Rama agreed and told Lakshmana to guard the door of the room in which the meeting started. At the same time, Sage Durvasa came there to meet Rama and was stopped by Lakshmana. This enraged Durvasa, and he threatened that he should be allowed to meet Rama immediately or else he would curse the whole of Ayodhya to its utter destruction. Lakshmana then knowingly sacrificed himself in order to save Ayodhya and went inside the room and told Rama about the arrival of the sage. Rama then completed the meeting with Yama quickly and went to attend to Durvasa. The fate of Lakshmana was sealed. Lakshmana knew that he would die soon. He then went on the banks of the river Saryu and gave up his life through penance.

Beliefs and Significance

It is believed that Lakshmana was a very skilled warrior. There are many Vedic references and texts that reveal that he had the ability to shoot five hundred arrows at once with great accuracy. Legends state that Indrajit, Ravana’s son, defeated even Rama. Indrajit He was the prince of Lanka and son of Ravana. His name means ‘one who is the conqueror of Indra’. He was also known as Meghanada and it means someone who is ‘thunderous’. He was believed to be invincible as he use to perform a yagna before every battle. He was a powerful warrior and played immense role in Ramayana, when his father fought against Rama. He even defeated Rama and Lakshmana twice. He was married to Mandodari. had a great upper hand in the battle but was, eventually, killed by Lakshmana. It is believed that Lakshmana was like the shadow of Rama and devoted his whole life to serve and protect his elder brother. Lakshmana symbolizes the respect, reverence, and obedience one must possess in life towards elders. He also personifies the perfection that can be achieved through righteousness, virtuosity, purity, piousness and simplicity that leads to the enlightenment and upliftment of a person in all spheres of life.
 



 
 

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