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    Murugan
     
     

    About Murugan

    Murugan - The Commander in Chief

     

    Murugan, also known as Kumaran, is a Hindu deity and son of ShivaShivaShiva
    Shiva is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindu Trinity that ...
    and Parvati. He is regarded as the commander- in-chief of the army of the gods. The name MuruganMuruganMurugan
    Murugan, also known as Kumaran, is a Hindu deity and son of Shiva and Parvati. He is regarded as the commander- in-chief of the army of the gods.
    in Sanskrit translates to “beautiful and charming”. And as such, Murugan is regarded as a very handsome and charming looking deity. Murugan is one of the most important and popular deities of not only India but other countries like Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Singapore and South Africa as well, and is revered and worshipped with great devotion and passion all over the world.

     

    Depiction

     

    Murugan is generally depicted as a handsome young man with six heads, which enable him to see in all the directions making him invincible and always ready to strike in a war. He is portrayed as a very brave and confident looking man clad in beautiful dress and is adorned with jewels, ornaments, flowers and garlands, and a crown. He holds a divine spear or lance in one hand and blesses his devotees and worshippers with the other. Murugan is usually depicted to be seated on a peacock which is also the vehicle of the deity.

     

    Legend

     

    There are many Vedic texts and references which state that once upon a time there were two powerful demon brothers called Tarakasuraand Surapadman. They were great devotees of BrahmaBrahmaBrahma
    According to Hinduism, the whole creation is the work of Trimurti (the Hindu Trinity)...
    and observed intense penance in order to please him. Eventually Brahma was pleased by their prayers and granted them the boon that they could be killed only by son of Shiva. Meanwhile, Shiva was struck with great sorrow and grief due to the death of his wife SatiSatiSati
    The name Sati means true and justifying her name...
    , and went into complete seclusion. He isolated himself from the world and yielded himself into deep meditation. As Shiva had gone down into utter celibacy, it was not possible that he would engender a child and, therefore, in a way, the demons had become immortal. This provided full freedom to them to create his terror all over the world. Consequently, he defeated several gods and demigods and assumed their thrones. They became so powerful that even the heaven was on the verge of destruction. At the same time Parvati, a beautiful girl who was a great devotee of Shiva, was observing austerities in order to please Shiva so that she could marry him. But her prayers were not able to come to fruition as Shiva remained unperturbed in deep meditation. In order to wake Shiva from his meditation and, eventually, help them to get rid of the demons, the gods approached Kamadeva. KamadevaKamadevaKamadeva
    Kamadeva is regarded as the Hindu god of love and desire. The name Kamadeva is a conjugation of two Sanskrit words “Kama” and “Deva”. “Kama” means “desire” and “Deva” means “God”.
    was really flattered by the praises he received from the gods and while boasting to them, promised that he would help them. Kamadeva’s wife Rati, however, did not approve of it. She told him that he would have to face severe consequences for his actions. Upon this Kamadeva told her that he knew about the punishments he might have to face but it will be for the greater good of the gods. After some persuasion, RatiRatiRati
    Rati is a Sanskrit word meaning pleasure and delight, and mostly...
    gave her consent to Kamadeva and told him that she would accompany him. Shiva’s bull NandiNandiNandi
    Nandi is one of the most iconic and famous characters of Hindu mythology. He is the vehicle of Shiva and also the gatekeeper of the abode of Shiva and Parvati. 
    was guarding the place where Shiva was meditating. Kamadeva went pass him by assuming the form of a fragrant spring breeze. He then approached the place where Shiva was sitting deep in his meditation. Kamadeva then struck Shiva with his flower arrow on his head. This disturbed and angered Shiva a lot. He woke up from his meditation and filled with great fury he opened his third eye which brought about a wrath on Kamadeva. In an instant, Kamadeva was burnt down into ashes. As soon as this happened the world became infertile, barren and devoid of love. However, later Kamadeva was revived by Shiva as a spirit. 

     

    After some time, Shiva and ParvatiParvatiParvati
    After the death of Shiva's first love Sati, Shiva...
    gave birth to a child. The couple named the boy Murugan. His parents blessed him with immortality and gifted him the divine spear called Vel. It is divine spear which is carried by the Hindu God named Karthikeya. He was presented with this spear by Parvati. It was the embodiment of her Shakti. The motive of giving this weapon was to end a demon named Soorapadman. The demon got scared and converted himself into a mango tree. Karthikeya then used the vel to split the tree into two and one of them became a rooster and another, a peacock. It is also a symbol of divinity. There is also a festival dedicated to it named Thaipusam in which people celebrate the receiving of Vel by Karthikeya. Soon, a battle ensued between Murugan and the demons. Soon Tarakasura He was a powerful demon who was fathered by Vajranaka. He was also known as Taraka and was always able to defeat Gods in wars. The heaven was almost on the verge of collapse. No one was able to stop him therefore all the Gods wanted Shiva to end him. Shiva was in extreme meditation and thus no one dared to disturb him. The Gods approached Kamadeva and him to create an untimely spring and break his mediation with the help of an arrow of lust. Ultimately it was Kartikeya who killed the demon as Shiva was extremely furious due to the act of Kamadeva. was slain by Murugan. Upon this Surapadman realized the supremacy of his opponent. On the sixth day of their battle, he disguised himself as a huge mango tree and hid under a sea. However, Murugan was soon able to locate him. He then made a fierce blow to the tree dividing it into two parts with his spear. One part of the tree converted into a peacock and the other transformed into a cock. Surapadman then pleaded to Murugan and requested to spare him. Murugan agreed to do so on the condition that Surapadman would become his vehicle forever. Therefore, Murugan made the peacock as his vehicle and made the cock as the allegory of his flag. And as such Murugan freed all the gods and demigods from the tyranny of the demons.

     

    Worship, Beliefs and Significance

     

    Murugan is worshipped by devotees all over the world and, when pleased, the deity blesses them with his knowledge of the truth, strength and protection from all the evils. Murugan’s peacock is always regarded as a symbol of destruction of ego and, hence, is a reminder to the people not to indulge themselves in evil deeds. There are numerous temples of Murugan all over the world. The most prominent temples of the deity, however, are in Tamil Nadu and other South Indian regions. Murugan symbolizes the perfection in life which is achieved through acts of righteousness and pure virtue.

     



     
     

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