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Sita
 
 

About Sita

Sita is the most benevolent Goddess, who is known for loyalty, courage, self-sacrifice, patience, dedication, purity and virtues. She is known by some other names like Vaidehi, Ramaa, Janaki and Bhumijaa. She is the incarnation of LakshmiLakshmiLakshmi
Lakshmi is a Hindu goddess who is regarded as the ultimate deity of wealth...
, the Goddess of wealth and the consort of VishnuVishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,..
(one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus, also known as the Preserver). She is also associated with fertility of the land, as her name means furrows or to plough, people pray to her for good crops and abundance. She was an ideal daughter, wife and mother.

Legend of Birth and Marriage

Sita was a daughter of a king of Mithila named JanakaJanakaJanaka
Janaka, whose full name is SeeradhwajJanaka, also popularly...
and his wife, Sunayana. But she was not their biological daughter. Janaka had found her while ploughing a field, as a part of a ritual. She was thus considered the daughter of BhumiBhumiBhumi
Bhumi is the personification of Mother earth and is considered a form of Goddess Lakshmi...
Devi (Goddess of Earth). She was raised with sheer love and all the luxuries. Thus when she reached a marriageable age, her father wanted the best groom for her. He arranged for a swayamwara (a ceremony in which one can choose his/her spouse on personal terms and preferences from a pool of people). The only clause was to bend a bow that belonged to Lord ShivaShivaShiva
Shiva is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindu Trinity that ...
(one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus, also known as the Destroyer). Any mortal man could not have done that thus leaving only a strong, spiritual man to win Sita’s hand in marriage.

Rama, the incarnation of Vishnu, along with his brother LakshmanaLakshmanaLakshmana
Lakshmana, also known as Lakshana, is one of the eight chief wives or queens...
reached Janaka’s palace where he fulfilled the bet and married Sita.

Exile and Agni Pariksha


Sita went to Rama’s house only to be sent in exile. Rama’s step mother forced his father, Dasharata to make her son, BharataBharataBharata
He is also a younger brother of Rama and the son of Kaikeyi. His mother wanted him to be the king of Ayodhya after Dasaratha, thus she forced her husband to put the legal heir to throne, Rama, to exile. Bharat never accepted the throne and waited for his brother to return. He rather placed Rama’s sandals on the throne.
, the king of the kingdom. She also forced RamaRamaRama
 As of late, in the year 2007, the idea of whether Rama...
to leave the kingdom and go in exile. SitaSitaSita
Sita is the most benevolent Goddess, who is known...
and Lakshmana followed him, thus leaving their comfortable lives behind.

While living in the forest, the King of Lanka named Ravana, abducted Sita in the absence of her husband. He took her to his kingdom and tried to woo her. But true to her character, she never gave in to his actions. She maintained her virtues. Rama came to her rescue and defeated and killed Ravana. Rama took his wife back to his kingdom but before that he wanted to know if his wife was pure and thus asked her to give Agni Pariksha. It was a ceremony where Sita had to walk on burning charcoals. Any impure and sinful soul would have been burnt, but Sita came back from the fire unharmed, proving her innocence. Rama accepted her, and when they went back, Rama was announced King.

But doubts and speculations were still tormenting the people of the kingdom, and they were not satisfied by the Agni Pariksha, a result of which Rama abandoned his wife. She was sent back to exile. She was pregnant and that time but she was a brave woman with immeasurable patience. She gave birth to twins, Lava and KushaKushaKusha
Kush is one of the twin sons of Rama and Sita. He is the younger...
and raised them single-handedly in the hut of the hermit named ValmikiValmikiValmiki
There is a legend that Brahma appeared before...
.

When the sons grew up, they reconciled with their father, and this was when Sita realized that she didn't want to bear any more pain and suffering. She prayed to her birth-mother Bhumi to open her arms and take her in her embrace. She wanted to be free from her responsibilities. Hearing her plea, the earth split open and Sita was released from the unjust world.

Iconography and Depiction

Sita is depicted wearing a saree and heavy head-rest placed on her head ornamented with jewels. She is shown standing or sitting on the left of her husband. She is also praised for her physical attributes that consist of long black hair and fair skin.

Festivals and Temples

Diwali, the Festival of Lights is celebrated in the honor of Rama and Sita coming back to their kingdom. Though Sita is majorly worshipped along with Rama, there are few temples dedicated solely to her like Sita Mai temple in Haryana, Sita Kund in Bihar and Seetha Devi temple in Kerala. She is also worshiped in Nepal, and a temple in her name is built called Janaki Mandir.



 
 

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