Surya Dev - The Sun God
The Sun God is the life giver and one who nourishes. He is one of the chief deities of Hinduism and was once ranked along with VishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,.. (the Preserver), ShivaShiva
Shiva is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindu Trinity that ... (the Destroyer), Shakti (the feminine aspect of universe) and GaneshaGanesha
The guardian deity of Hindus, also known as the Ganapati (The God of all groups) is the son of Lord Shiva ... (the remover of obstacles). Surya has 108 names from which Adideva, Angaraka, Arka and Ravi are the most famous ones. He is also known as Mitra, meaning friend as he is benevolent deity who is capable of healing sick people and barren lands. He brings good fortune to people and enlighten their lives, both physically and spiritually. He illuminates the world. There are twelve solar deities in Hinduism and Surya is considered to be the joint strength of all of them. The most famous temple built for him is the Sun temple in Konark. (Odisha, India).
Marriage and Familial Relations
Surya was married thrice. His most known wife was Saranyu. After bearing married for some years, she couldn’t take the heat and glare of the sun any more. Her complexion had darkened and she always felt exhausted. She decided to leave her husband and left her shadow named Chhaya, in her absence. But as soon as Surya realized this, he went to get his wife back who had taken an animal form, not to be recognized. Surya was still successful in wooing her and getting her back but only after getting his shine and heat diminished. His other two wives were named Ragyi and Prabha.
Surya had many children. From Saranyu, he had Vaivasvata ManuManu
Manu, also popularly known Satyavrata Manu or Shraddha Deva Manu, is regarded as the ancestor of all humanity according to Hinduism. (the present progenitor of the human race), YamaYama
Also known as Yamaraja, Yama is the controller of the hell (Naraka)... (the Lord of Death who gave rewards and punishments to people according to their deeds after their death). And YamiYami
Also known as Kaalindi, Yami is the daughter of Sun God, Surya and his consort... (Yama’s twin sister, the personification of the Indian river Yamuna). Ashvins (the twin horsemen who also worked as the physicians of Gods) were also born out from the same marriage. ChhayaChhaya
The name Chhaya means shade and she was the... gave birth to Savarni Manu (the next progenitor of the human race) and ShaniShani
Shani, literally means the one who moves very... (also known as the planet Saturn and the God who punishes and rewards deeds of people while they are alive). She also gave birth to two beautiful daughters named Tapti (the personification of Indian River named Tapti) and Vishti (the personification of Kala or time or death). RevantaRevanta
Revanta is a Sanskrit word meaning brilliant, and Revanta God is brilliant... was the chief God of the Guhyakas (semi-divine, demonic class and forest dwellers) and was born from the union between Surya and Ragyi. He had another son, Prabhata from his wife Prabha.
Karna was also Surya’s son with a human princess Kunti. She was given a boon that by reciting a Mantra A group of sacred words chanted in order to gain something, be it materialistic pleasures or peaceful mind(group of sacred words) she could evoke any God and beget a son. She tested this mantra with Sun God and Karna was born. She was an unmarried princess and didn’t want any blemish on her character thus she abandoned the child. He later on became one of the great warriors in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. In another Hindu epic, Ramayana, SugrivaSugriva
In the Hindu epic Ramayana, Sugriva was the younger brother of Vali, whom he succeeded as ruler of the vanara or monkey kingdom Kishkindha... (son of Surya) is the king of the monkeys who leads his army with RamaRama
As of late, in the year 2007, the idea of whether Rama... (the incarnation of Vishnu) to defeat an evil King of Lanka, Ravana.
Surya is depicted riding a chariot driven by seven horses or single horse with seven heads. At times he is shown having two hands, holding lotus in each and sitting next to Saranyu and Chhaya and a times he is four armed holding lotus, discus, conch and mace.
In astrology, Surya governs the people with Leo as their sun signs. He bestows them with will power, strength and fame. People who have Sun placed correctly in their horoscope make best fathers and are praised for their kingship. He rules the summer season, the east direction and Sunday is related to him. The color, element, metal, gemstone and food associated to him are gold, fire, gold, ruby and wheat respectively.
Pongal in South India and Makara Sankaranti in North India are the two main festivals dedicated to Surya in which he is thanked for good harvest by dedicating the first grain to him. In Bihar, Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh, Chhath is celebrated, again to thank god for sustaining life on earth. He is also believed to grant wishes on this day.