Yaksha- Protectors of Treasure
Yaksha is a class of mythological nature spirits who are mostly depicted as benevolent creatures but can also be treacherous, mischievous and sexually rapacious. They came into existence with the responsibility of protecting the underground treasures hidden under mountains or roots of trees. They are known to work under KuberaKubera
Kubera is the God of wealth & is known as Dhanpati ..., the Lord of wealth. He was also their King. They dwelled in the forests and mountains. They are also described as the half-brothers of rakshasas (demonic beings). They have a demi-God status and are known for providing boons for health, wealth and prosperity.
Yaksha can perform magic tricks and take shapes of others at their will. At times, because of these capabilities they become rogue and aggressive. They have a dual personality. On one hand they can be prayed to for protection and fertility but on the other, the darker version of Yakshas is like ghosts where they haunt the travelers and devour them. They can also make them do evil things by either forcing them or taking them into their control.They are mortal beings which means they, just like human beings, are stuck in the cycle of life and death.
Yakshas also have an inquisitive nature which makes them asks too many questions and riddles. To every right answer, they provide favors to the person and to every wrong, they might create trouble. One such incident took place with Yudhishthira (the eldest brother of Pandavas). All the five brothers, felt thirsty and visited a lake. Though they were warned by a crane that the water is poisonous and to drink it they must first answer some questions, none of them took any notice and drank the water anyway. Only Yudhister agreed to answer the questions and in return wanted the life of his brothers back. A list of questions were asked, which are collectively known as YakshaYaksha
Yaksha is a class of mythological nature spirits who are mostly... Prashnam (questions of the Yaksha). It included questions like, Who make the sun rise?, How does a man become wise?, What is the best for farmers? etc. Impressed by all the correct answers given by Yudhishter, The eldest Pandava Yaksha gave life back to all the other four brothers.
Forms and Beliefs
Yakshas are not only well known creatures in Hinduism but they are also a part of Buddhism and Jainism. According to Jainism, Yakshas are full of passions and have supernatural powers. They were appointed by Indra to protect Tirthankara Jain community consider those people Tirthankaras who have come across the cycle of various lives. They have attained salvation and are no more stuck in the vicious circle of life and death. They are considered heroes who further teach their followers the right way of attaining salvation(teachers and revivers of Jain philosophy). They are often placed next to the idol of Jinas (the ones who have conquered their desires and attained salvation) and are considered his guardian angel. An idol of Yaksha is always kept on the right side of the idol of Jina and YakshiniYakshini
Yakshini is the female counterpart of the mythical creatures and nature... (the female counterpart of Yaksha) is placed on the left. Jain community pray to them for children, freedom from fear and staying away from diseases and illness.
According to Buddhist community, Yakshas were the loyal subjects of Vijayan dynasty (the first recorded dynasty to rule Sri Lanka). The chief of Yaksha is also believed to be seated on equal heights with other leaders of Sri Lanka on the festivals.