Janaka – The Great Philosopher King
Janaka, whose full name is SeeradhwajJanaka, also popularly known as simply Raja Janaka, is one of the most important characters of the Hindu epic Ramayana. The name “Janaka” in Sanskrit translates to “creator or originator”. JanakaJanaka
Janaka, whose full name is SeeradhwajJanaka, also popularly... is considered as the king of Mithila. He is the father of SitaSita
Sita is the most benevolent Goddess, who is known... and, hence, the father in law of Rama. He is regarded as not only a king but also a sage as he was well versed and had a great knowledge of the Vedas. Janaka is revered and respected all over the world, especially India and Nepal, by devotees and worshippers for his philosophy and ideology.
Janaka is often depicted as a king wearing beautiful, luxurious clothes and a crown. He is adorned with many gems, jewels, and ornaments. The most general and popular depictions of Janaka portray him receiving and welcoming RamaRama
As of late, in the year 2007, the idea of whether Rama... and his father Dasharatha with respect in his kingdom of Mithila. In some depictions, he is shown to be taught by sage Yajnavalkya.
According to Ramayana, once upon a time, Janaka was ploughing a field to perform a religious ceremony. All of a sudden he found a baby girl in the field. He picked her up and accepted her as his own daughter. He named her Sita as it relates to mother earth. He nurtured her and raised her with great love and affection. When Sita grew up and came to the age of getting married, Janaka wanted to make sure that his daughter gets a worthy husband. For this, he organized a Swayamvar in which a contest was held. The one who was able to break the string of the great bow of ShivaShiva
Shiva is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindu Trinity that ... was to be declared the winner of Swayamvar and the husband of Sita. Many gods, demigods, princes came to participate, but only Rama was able to break the string of the bow and, thus, became the husband of Sita.
Another famous legend associated with Janaka is that when he was about to leave the material world, YamaYama
Also known as Yamaraja, Yama is the controller of the hell (Naraka)... came to take him with him. As Janaka was a man of pure virtue and righteousness, he was about to be taken to the heaven where he deservedly was to go. On his way up to the heaven, he came across hell and was a bit taken aback by all the screams and shouts of people. He asked Yama about the place and the people who were screaming in agony. Yama replied that the place was hell and that those who were screaming and shouting in agony were the souls of those who indulged and committed themselves to the acts of evil and wrong doings. Janaka stood there for a while and asked Yama if there was a way to get them rid of their pains. To his Yama replied that their pains would end if someone would sacrifice all the rewards of good acts of purity and righteousness of life for them. To this Janaka told Yama that he was ready to sacrifice his rewards for the freedom of those in hell. Yam asked him as to why he was ready to sacrifice his rewards of good deeds for them. Janaka replied that it was the ultimate duty of a human to help others. Yama was pleased to hear Janaka’s answer and freed the souls from hell.
Beliefs and Significance
Janaka is believed to be one of the favorite pupils of the great sage Yajnavalkya. That is why it is believed that Janaka possessed great knowledge of Shastras and Vedas Four ancient texts constituting the oldest layer of Sanskrit literature and the oldest scriptures of Hinduismas he was taught by one of the first teachers and philosophers of the world. He was a great king and always remained just and noble towards his subjects. His kingdom of Mithila is now known as Janakpur in Nepal. Janaka symbolizes wisdom, ideal philosophy of life, and humbleness.