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About Venkateshwara Temple

Venkateswara Temple is a luminary vaishvanite Temple believed to be the most visited temple in the country and second highest in the world after, Vatican.  It is situated at the hill town in Tirumala at Tirupati in Chitoor. The ancient and sacred Temple dedicated to Sri Venkateshwara is located on the southern banks of Sri Swami Pushkarini. The Lord is also known by Lord of Seven Hills. The Temple has alternate names like Tirumala Temple, Tirupati Balaji Temple, Tirupati.
 

Historical Significance
The Venkateshwara Temple holds a sacred and pious position in the Hindu sect and preaches the notions of equality, fraternity and forbids sacrifice of animals. The great literary works of Puranas, Shastras and Sthala Mahatyams have mentioned about the significance of Venkateshwara temple which is the ultimate source to attain moksha (salvation) as Lord Venkateshwara is considered to end the plagiarism connected with kali-Yuga, therefore, he is the seeker to forbid the sins. The pilgrimage to Venkateshwara Temple is considered to be pious as mentioned in the Rig Veda and Asthada Puranas.
Prolific leaders, luminaries and renowned rulers are said to have visited here including Ramanuja Acharya in the 11-12th Century.  The Pallavs of Kancheepuram, the Cholas of Thanjavur , the Pandyas of Madurai and the kings and chieftains of Vijaynagar empire used to compete in terms of visiting the temple and offering donations.
 

During the rule of Vijayanagar Empire, the donations increased in terms of monetary value under the kingdom of Krishnadevarya, whose statues of consorts have been installed along with huge paintings. There is also a statue of Venkatapati Raya.
 

The Deity
It is believed that the NaradaNaradaNarada
Narada, also popularly known as Narada Muni, is a great Vedic sage and is one of the most significant and iconic characters of the Hindus. 
advised Rishis who were performing Yajna to give fruits among Trimurtis and, therefore called BhriguBhriguBhrigu
Bhrigu was one of the seven great sages known as Saptarishis and was created...
to test the latter. But, the sage had an extra eye on the sole of his foot which went un-noticed by Lord ShivaShivaShiva
Shiva is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindu Trinity that ...
and Lord Brahma. But, when he went to Lord Vishnu, he ignored the sage. The sage got a high temper and kicked VishnuVishnuVishnu
Vishnu is one of the Supreme Gods of Hindus and is a part of Hindu Trinity,..
in his chest to which, Vishnu rubbed the feet of Bhrigu and revealed the third eye.
 

Lord Vishnu bore human form as Srinivasa and left Vaikuntam, in search of Lakshmi, and then he reached the Tirumala Hills and started mediating. Goddess LakshmiLakshmiLakshmi
Lakshmi is a Hindu goddess who is regarded as the ultimate deity of wealth...
took help from Lord Shiva and BrahmaBrahmaBrahma
According to Hinduism, the whole creation is the work of Trimurti (the Hindu Trinity)...
who the, converted into cow and calf and the former gave them to the Chola King. Lord Vishnu in the form of Srinivasa cursed Chola King of his brutal and unscrupulous acts with his servants (cow and calf), therefore, he asked him to marry his daughter, Padmavathi. The two got married in the present day Narayanvanam in Andhra Pradesh. On encountering Lakshmi, Lord Vishnu turned into a stone and therefore Lord Shiva and Brahma explained the whole story to her. Lakshmi and Padamvathi turned into stones too.
 

Architecture
The ancient Temple is believed to have been standing still since time immemorial and displays an excellent work of Dravidian inspired Architecture. It is comprised of Gopuram, gilded cupola or Vimana by the name of “Ananda Nilayam”. The shrine copriss of three enclosures by the name of “Prakarams”. The striking idol of Shri Venkateshwara les in the main sanctum.
 

Location: The Venkateshwara Temple is located at Tirumala, Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh.
 

Built In: Unkonwn though earliest records date to maybe, 300 BC.
 

Dedicated To: The Temple is dedicated to Lord Venkateshwara.
 

Alternate Names: The temple is popularly known as like Tirumala Temple, Tirupati Balaji Temple Temple, Tirupati Temple

Attractions:  Several  places to visit nearby are-
 

Padi Kavali Maha Dwara
The Padi Kavali Maha Dwara or Outer Gopuram stands on a quadrangular base. Its architecture is that of the later Chola period. The inscriptions on the gopuram belong to 13th century.
 

Sampangi Pradakshinam
The path for circumnavigating the temple is called a pradakshinam. The main temple has three prakarams.
 

Tirumala Raya Mandapam
Adjoining the Ranga Mandapam on the western side, and facing the Dhvajasthambha Mandapam is a spacious complex of pavilions known as the Tirumala Raya Mandapam or Anna Unjal Mandapam.
 

The Aina Mahal
The Aina Mahal is on the northern side of the Tirumala Raya Mandapam. It has large mirrors which reflect images in an infinite series. There is an unjal in the middle of the room in which the Lord is seated and festivals conducted
 

Festivals
The nine day festival ‘Brahmotsavam’ which takes place during the month of September attracts the maximum tourists and pilgrims from all over. The fifth and ninth days are special because of Gardotsavam and Rathotsavam occasion.

 

 



 


 
 

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